Early Experiments of EC Towards International Conflict Resolution

In June 1950, the USA began to push its European allies to allow the rearmament of West Germany, for making up the military strength as the USA had given to South Korea to repel the communist forces from North Korea. Scared of the re-creation of a German army, French Premier, Rene Pleven opposed in October the proposal of an integrated European army that should be established in which West Germany would keep small forces.

Rejection of European Defence Community (EDC) implied immediate rejection of a European Political Community (EPC). In 1951, Alcide de Gasperi, the Italian Premier and French foreign minister Schuman had already proposed that the Assembly of ECSC shall be enlarged and draw a draft treaty creating an EPC. After 2 years of hectic efforts, guided by professional federalists such as Altiero Spinelli, the ad hoc Common Assembly completed its task. The legislature of EPC was to have two houses: a senate that would be chosen by the national parliaments and a chamber of representatives elected by universal suffrage. However, the national government never discussed that treaty, and thus the most promising plan for European political integration was ruined by French rejection of EDC.19

The main focus of EPC was to develop and establish long running relations with other world for development of economic areas. The first test of EPC was a series of ministerial meetings in 1971 on Arab-Israel conflict.20 The issues addressed included the question of refugees and the highly contentious problem of Jerusalem. This position statement called the Schuman Document that was for endorsing UN Security Council Resolution 242, yet it was an important step forward for European foreign policy cooperation and in formulating a collective EC stand on the Middle East issue.

The second test of EPC was Global Mediterranean Policy issued in October 1972 that was aimed at developing closer economic and commercial ties with its Mediterranean neighbours, including the Arab states in the region, Turkey as well as southern European countries such as Spain, Greece and Portugal, which at that time were outside the European Community.

The EPC provided a base for a treaty as the SEA.21 The SEA minimised the capability of EPC for European foreign and security policy measures to come together in a single political and security platform. Furthermore, the conflict prevention in terms of military was remarkably fallen within the EPC, which was a big failure of EPC. This picture of political affairs on internal or international conflicts was yet unclear till 1992 when Maastricht Treaty was signed for establishing the EU with a full domain of CFSP.

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