Review of the Literature


This chapter presents a detailed and comprehensive review of the literature relating to the proposed SOFC liquid desiccant tri-generation system. The review is split into five key topics:

  • (1) Fuel cell technology in Sect. 2.2
  • (2) Liquid desiccant air conditioning in Sect. 2.3
  • (3) Combined heat and power in Sect. 2.4
  • (4) Tri-generation systems in Sect. 2.5
  • (5) Tri-generation system assessment methods in Sect. 2.6.

The aim of the review is to (1) highlight the current research gap regarding a SOFC liquid desiccant tri-generation system, (2) demonstrate the feasibility of the development of such a system, and (3) provide a comprehensive background study on the state of the art of the technology used. All literature reviewed has been selected due to its relevance in achieving the central aim of the thesis. Due to the breadth of the thesis topic, a large range of literature sources have been utilised from a variety of disciplines including; fuel cell science, low carbon buildings and HVAC technology. Particular areas the review focusses on are system: design, operation, performance, assessment and energy savings. This thesis focuses on a domestic setting but the tri-generation system is applicable to a range of building types. Thus, the reviewed literature has considered a range of sources from a variety of building types. Section 2.7 provides conclusions to the literature review with specific consideration as to their impact on the development of the proposed SOFC liquid desiccant tri-generation system. A published book chapter and journal article, by the author, on fuel cell technology for domestic built environment applications can be referred to here; Elmer and Riffat (2014), Elmer et al. (2015b).

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

T. Elmer, A Novel SOFC Tri-generation System for Building Applications, Springer Theses, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-46966-9_2

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