The Country’s Stance Toward the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child
There are a number of international guidelines that focus specifically on juvenile justice. In 1985 the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice ("The Beijing Rules”) were approved. Following this, in 1989, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) was declared. Soon after, the United Nations Guidelines for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency (Riyadh Guidelines) and the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (Havana Rules) were ratified in 1990. Finally, the European Convention on the Exercise of Children’s Rights came into force in 1996 (Gemalmaz 2002).
Turkey is signatory to all of the conventions mentioned earlier. Soon after Turkey ratified the UNCRC in 1994, Turkey’s justice system underwent serious changes, and in 1995 the Convention on the Rights of the Child was integrated into the domestic law. Further, as explained in Sect. 1 of this chapter, the last two decades have seen significant legislative changes in the Turkish Juvenile Justice System.