We will provide the elements in order to simulate the operation of a classification zone.
1) Sedimentation rate. We will use the following values: s: volume fraction of the liquid
vl: maximum drop velocity of an isolated particle (m.s-1)
d: minimum dimension of a crystal p: viscosity of the liquid phase (Pa.s )
Ap: difference in solid and liquid densities (kg.m-3) g: acceleration due to gravity (9.81 m.s-2)
The sedimentation rate is:
- 0.2 < Re < 1 n = 4.4/Re0 023
- 1 < Re < 500 n = 4.4/Re0 0982
Re > 500 n = 2.39
The rate calculated this way only applies to spherical particles. For angular particles such as crystals, this rate must be divided by 2.
2) Rate and residence time within a section. We divide the classification zone into n sections of current index j rising from 1 to n from the bottom to the top of the classification zone. The bands’ widths are all equal to Az . If v0 is the rate in an empty vat measured upwards and positively, and if vij is the sedimentation rate of class i particles of diameter diJ in section j, the absolute rate of the particle relative to the workshop is:
vaij > 0, the particle enters section j + 1
vaij < 0, the particle enters section j - 1
The retention time within a section is: At,, = Az / v„,,
3) Growth of crystals within section j. If dije is the size of particles entering section j (and coming from sections j + 1 and j - 1), the crystal size exiting the section is:
In sections j - 1 and j + 1 into which the particles from index i would have entered, we can calculate: Va, i, j+1 or Va, i, j-1
4) The main purpose of the calculation is knowing the cutoff diameter of the classification zone, that is, the size of particle di*o entering at the base so that, after growth, at the summit we have z = nAz.
To this end, we have a liquid fraction s that is constant and equal to the value of supply at the base of the zone. We also have constant supersaturation and growth.
The cancellation of absolute rate vain gives a cutoff diameter of d*in . Going back in time, we recognize the value d*io from the diameter of the same particle at the entry of the classification zone.
If dio < d*o the particle is carried with the “clean” liquor.
If dio > d*o the particle remains in the crystallizer body.