British Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Movement, 1896-1913

PrefaceContext and QuestionsVictory or Delusion?The Rise and Fall of Leopold’s Congo Empire: A Brief OverviewMaterial Foundations of the Congo Red Rubber RegimeImperialismThe British Humanitarian ContextQuestioning Motives, Methods, and EffectivenessOriginsEarly CritiquesFrom Complaint to CampaignE.D. Morel’s ConversionStead Enters the FrayGuinness and the Regions Beyond Missionary UnionRoger Casement, the Crisis ofJanuary 1904, and the CRA’s FoundingOrganizing Congo ReformThe Executive Committee and PresidentPurpose and DirectionFinances, Auxiliaries, and MeetingsJohn Harris and the CRA’s Move to LondonParliamentary CommitteeAdherentsUnderstanding the Movement’s DimensionsExecutive CommitteeDonorsLeading DonorsWomen in the CRAReligious AffiliationCommercial Interests and Other OccupationsAlliancesHumanitarian SocietiesMissionary SocietiesChurchesCommerceThe Internationalist Congo Reform MovementInternationalismEuropean ConnectionsGermanyAmericaBelgiumContested RepresentationA War ofWordsPhotographs as Weapons in the War ofWordsLantern Lectures and Other MeetingsThe Battle in the PressThe War ofWords in the CourtroomPoliticians and Bureaucrats: The Art of the PossibleLansdowne and Congo ReformGrey’s Arrival at the Foreign OfficeGrey’s Foreign Office and Congo ReformThe CabinetThe Break with the Foreign OfficeGrey the ReformerEffectivenessThe Impact of ReformsAnalyzing Causality: What Led to Congo Reform?The Human Element: Interpersonal Relationships and Emotional ResponsesThe Reform Movement’s Effectiveness
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