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Discussion Questions

  • 1. Should governments, in whatever capacity they have, pursue social enterprise as a way of addressing social problems?
  • 2. What factors might limit a government’s capacity to create enabling conditions for tourism social entrepreneurship? Given examples.
  • 3. Explain the characteristics of an enabling institutional environment for tourism social entrepreneurship? Given examples.
  • 4. Explain the four categories of policy instruments that might be used to promote tourism social entrepreneurship. Give examples. What resources might they require to implement?


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Dianne Dredge is Professor in the Department of Culture and Global Studies, Aalborg University, Copenhagen, Denmark. She is Chair of the Tourism Education Futures Initiative (TEFI), a network of over 500 tourism educators and practitioners. This network believes in the powerful transformative effects of education and the co-creation of knowledge in building sustainable and just forms of tourism for the future. Originally trained as an environmental planner, Dianne has 20 years of practical experience working with communities, governments, tourism operators and NGOs. Her research interests include social entrepreneurship, collaborative governance, tourism policy, knowledge dynamics and tourism education.

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