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  • 1. To what extent can a social enterprise play a role in regional development? What are the advantages and disadvantages of such an approach? Use evidence to support your answer.
  • 2. ‘Rowmania’ plays a significant part in the sustainable development of the Danube Delta region. Do you have examples of other social enterprises playing similar roles in different regions across the world?
  • 3. Leadership is a key part of a successful social enterprise, but how is the leader’s vision to be maintained once they leave?
  • 4. Can local communities be empowered to deliver sustainable tourism products? What support is needed for communities to be able to create and support successful social enterprises?
  • 5. How would you picture a social enterprise ecosystem model? Please sketch your own visual interpretation of one (the above case study can be used as a framework).


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Georgiana Els is Lecturer in Tourism and Events Management at Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln. She joined the University in 2013 after accumulating work experience within international tourism and events companies. Georgiana’s latest research interests focus on linking the field of social entrepreneurship with previous research interests in tourism business management, social media and risk management. She is involved in on-going research projects and activities in the areas of digital technology, destination management and social entrepreneurship in tourism.

Kevin Kane is Co-Director of Salford University’s Centre for Social Business. The Centre is the focus for activities in the University concerned with bringing business skills to third sector organizations and facilitating the growth of social businesses. He has research interests which focus on improving the management of social enterprises in order to enable them to cope with the difficult challenges they face in a funding constrained environment. He has organized University- led leadership and change management courses for the North West based Social Enterprises. In 2011, he was awarded a HEFCE Social Entrepreneur award.

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