Nomenclature

Cd Drag coefficient

Diss Energy dissipation by means of friction, kj/s dp Particle diameter, m

F Body force, N

h Enthalpy per unit mass, J/kg

K Interaction force, N

I Identity matrix

m Mass, kg

P Pressure, N/m2

Q Heat transfer, J

S Entropy, J/K0

T Stress tensor

t Time, s

V System volume, m3

v Mean velocity vector, m/s

U Overall system energy, J/kg

Greek Symbols

e Phase volume fraction в Interphase friction coefficient p Viscosity, kg/m^s X Bulk viscosity, kg/m^s p Density kg/m3 3 General property per unit volume

References

Aris R (1962) Vectors, tensors, and the basic equations of fluid dynamics. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs

ASHRAE (1977) Handbook of fundamentals. American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., New York

Bird RB, Stewart WE, Lightfoot EN (2007) Transport phenomena. Wiley, New York

Bowen RM (1976) Theory of mixtures. In: Eringen AC (ed) Continuum physics. Academic, London

Fitzmorris RE, Mah RSH (1980) Improving distillation column design using thermodynamic availability analysis. AIChE J 26(2):265-273

Gidaspow D (1977) Fluid-particle systems. In: Proceedings of the NATO advanced study institute on two-phase flows and heat transfer, Istanbul, August 1976, vol 1. Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York, pp 115-128

Gidaspow D (1994) Multiphase flow and fluidization: continuum and kinetic theory descriptions. Academic, California

Ishii M (1975) Thermo-fluid dynamic theory of two-phase flow. NASA STI/Recon Technical Report A, 75, 29657

 
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