Sustainable High Rise Buildings in Urban Zones: Advantages, Challenges, and Global Case Studies

Kuala Lumpur City Centre Integrated Urban Development Zone: A New Art of Urban LivingIntroductionUrban Living in MalaysiaThe Old Traditional and New Kuala LumpurKuala Lumpur as ‘A World Class City’Living in KLCC International Zone: ‘City-Within-a-City’Mixed-Use Development Criteria in Kuala Lumpur City Centre International ZoneVariety of UsesConcentration of People/DensityMobility and ConnectivitySafety and SecuritySustainability and FlexibilityOpen Space and LivelihoodNew Urban Integrated Development in KLCC International ZoneAn Analysis Study of Troika ResidenceDesign ConceptSustainability Approach on Building DesignInnovative Structure and Construction SystemConclusionReferencesSustainable High-Rise Buildings in the NetherlandsIntroduction: High Rise and SustainabilityHistoric Development and Specific Dutch Situation of High-Rise BuildingsTallest Dutch Building: The Maas TowerThe Biggest Building of the Netherlands: De RotterdamDiscussion Energy Performance of the High-Rise BuildingsPossible Future SolutionsNecessary Preconditions for Sustainable High-Rise Buildings DesignIntegral Design as a Solution for Sustainable High RiseDiscussion and ConclusionsReferencesAnalysis of Architectural Design Sustainability Issues of Office Towers in Hot Climates: UAE CaseIntroductionBackgroundIncreasing Electricity Demands in the UAEGlobal Building Energy and Greenhouse Gas EmissionsEnergy in Office BuildingsUrban Heat Island EffectImproving Energy Efficiency and Sustainability in Office Buildings in Hot ClimatesCooling EnergyLighting EnergyPassive Cooling SystemsGuidelines for Sustainable Tower Architectural DesignBuilt-Form ConfigurationArrangement of the Building MassesFloor-Plate DesignBuilding Skin DesignShading DevicesGlazing TypeNatural and Artificial Lighting SystemsAnalysis of Sustainable Tower Architectural Design in the UAEDesign DescriptionDubai World Trade Center Tower (DWTC)Emirates Towers Office Building (ETOB)National Bank of Abu Dhabi (NBAD)Design AnalysisConclusionAppendix A: Guidelines for Sustainable Tower Architectural DesignAppendix B: Case Studies Data (Based on Data Collection and Survey)ReferencesIndoor Environment and AssessmentIntroductionIndoor Environment QualityAcousticLightingThermal ComfortRecommendations for Office EnvironmentsAir QualityAssessment MethodSummaryReferencesThe Increasing Demand on High-Rise Buildings and Their HistoryIntroductionSustainabilityBrief Historical Overview of Tall BuildingsGreenery and High-Rise BuildingsConclusionsReferencesThe Sustainable High-Rise Building Renewables and Public PerceptionsIntroductionIncentivizing Sustainability and Public AcceptancePublic Perceptions and Visibility of RenewablesPublic Perceptions to Different Sustainable Architecture PropositionsEnergy-Saving FeaturesWhat the Public sayWhat the Public sayPublic Perceptions and Driving the Visibility of Renewables on High-Rise BuildingsConclusionsReferencesEnvironmentally Performative Design for High-Rise Buildings in North AmericaIntegrated Design Sustainable Skyscraper: The Design Factors, Sustainability CredentialsPerformative Design ExamplesManitoba Hydro, CanadaSiteClimateDesign Intent and Sustainable StrategiesThermal MassDaylightingNatural Ventilation StrategyWinter GardensHeating and Cooling SystemGeothermal SystemDisplacement VentilationPerformance AnalysisOne Bryant Park, New YorkSiteDesign Intent and Sustainable StrategiesWater UsageDegenerationCoolingDaylightingPerformance AnalysisConclusionAssessing the Myths on Energy Efficiency When Retrofitting Multifamily Buildings in a Northern RegionIntroductionNational GoalsGavleborg RegionEKG-fAim and ScopeMethodsAssessment DescriptionAre Statistics Correct?Selection of BuildingsAssessment of Energy Use and Building PerformanceBuilding Energy Simulation of ECMs Impact on Energy Use and CostsRetrofitting AlternativesLife Cycle CostPrimary Energy and CO2-eq EmissionResultsStatistics on the National vs Regional LevelInvestigation of EPC, Ventilation, and Indoor TemperaturesInfluence of Individual EMCsInfluence of EMC PackagesDiscussion and ConclusionsReferencesHigh-Rise Buildings in Context of Sustainability; Urban Metaphors of Greater Cairo, Egypt: A Case Study on Sustainability and Strategic Environmental AssessmentIntroductionHigh-Rise Buildings’ Metaphors in the Context of Planning within the Urban StructureHistorical High-Rise Buildings in EgyptThe World’s Oldest High-Rise Building: Great Pyramid of GizaThe First High-Rise, An Inspiring High-RiseAerodynamics and Building’s Shape and SustainabilityEarthquake ResistanceTransamerica PyramidWhat Did High-Rise Buildings Look Like in MidTwentieth Century?The “Yes” Versus “No”for Sustainable Tall BuildingsClimate Change and the Building SectorWhy High-Rise Buildings for Climate Change Adaptation?Population and Migration TrendsHigh-Rise Buildings: Energy Consumption and GHG EmissionsEmbodied EnergyOperational EnergyOperation Versus Embodied Energy in Tall BuildingsHigh-Rise Buildings that are Most Affected by Climate ChangeAdvantages and Disadvantages of High-Rise BuildingsSustainability and Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA), High-Rise BuildingsIntroduction on the Selected Case StudyThe Hilton Ramses High-RiseThe Hotel Building’s EnvelopStrategic Environmental AssessmentEnvironmental ImpactOperational EnergyWater ConsumptionHotel Water Consumption EstimationMagnitude of Water ConsumptionTransportationTraffic PropertiesTraffic Flow SimulationEconomic ImpactHotel RevenueConstruction MaterialsSocial ImpactSociety Welfare (Job Vacancies)Social InteractionDiscussion and ConclusionsReferencesHigh-Rise Buildings in Mediterranean Climate: “Ilia de la Llum” Case Study in BarcelonaIntroductionThe Facade in High-Rise BuildingsConstructive RequirementsComfort RequirementsLifestyle in Mediterranean ClimateCase Study: A High-Rise Building in the Mediterranean: La Illa de la LlumThe BuildingConstructive and Functional AdaptationCommitment to the Challenges of PrefabricationAdaptation to the ClimateConclusionsReferences
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