Historical High-Rise Buildings in Egypt
The World’s Oldest High-Rise Building: Great Pyramid of Giza
High-rise structures have been around for centuries, dating back to the great pyramid of Egypt. The largest of the pyramids is the Great Pyramid of Cheops at 481 ft high. It was built around the year 2500 BC, to serve as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh, Khufu (Fig. 9.10). This high-rise building has been ranked as the tallest structure for more than forty-three centuries and was only exceeded in height in the nineteenth century (DeSalvo 2003). In terms of its structure, over 2'ii million blocks of limestone, which weigh from 2 to 70 tonnes, were used for its construction.
Nevertheless, recent quarry indicates that there may be only about 750,000 blocks which weigh between half a tonne to 2 tonnes. The pyramid’s base covers over 13 acres, where each side is 5 acres, and its volume is approximately 90 million cubic feet. It is estimated that the Pyramid of Khufu could build over 30 Empire State buildings with its masonry. It is about 454 ft high (originally rose to a height of 484 ft) which is equivalent to a modern 50-storey building (DeSalvo 2003).
Fig. 9.10 The tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh, Khufu in Giza, Egypt. (a) Great Pyramid of Giza. (b) Pyramids plateau. Image source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-5tmQwFIzK8Y/UGaUn7ym8wI/ AAAAAAAAAok/s0L2M9uVeQk/s1600/Pyramids+of+Giza.jpg; https://upload.wikimedia.org/ wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Giza_pyramid_complex_(map).svg/1204pxGiza_pyramid_com- plex_(map).svg.png>