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Because of the scarcity of academic literature on TM in NFPs, we had to conduct case studies in order to understand how NFPs manage TM. Even from this limited evidence, it is clear that there is extensive diversity of TM in NFPs, as there is in MNCs. From the extant TM literature and the analysis of our case studies, we identified the main differences between TM approaches of NFPs and MNCs. Our research is very far from exhaustive, but it does provide a useful indicator for a largely un-researched area—TM in NFPs. Thus, this chapter not only contributes to the TM field by expanding our knowledge to less studied organisations, but may also help organisations to improve practice. We hope that future research will build on the foundation laid by this chapter to further explore and expand our knowledge of talent management in not-for-profit organisations.


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