Marginalization in Globalizing Delhi: Issues of Land, Livelihoods and Health

Land, Livelihoods and Health: Marginalization in Globalizing DelhiIntroductionEvolution of Urban DelhiChanging Composition of Rural-Urban SpaceTransforming PeripheriesLivelihoods in the City in the Post-reform PeriodHealth: Infrastructure and ServicesSections and ChaptersSumming UpReferencesI Land and Changing Landscape Land-Use Dynamics of Peri-Urban Areas of Metropolitan Cities with Special Focus on DelhiIntroductionFocus, Data and ConceptsDynamics of Land-Use in the Periphery of Large Metropolitan CitiesDynamics of Land-Use in the Periphery of Delhi: A Detailed AnalysisDynamics of Land-Use with Increasing Distance from Urban Centre of DelhiConclusionReferencesUrban Form and Regional Development of National Capital RegionIntroductionStudy AreaMethodologyMeerutGhaziabadBulandshaharBaghpatNoidaAlwarRewariJhajjarRohtakGurgaonFaridabadPanipatSonipatUrban Form and Levels of DevelopmentCluster AnalysisConclusionReferencesMarginalization and Socio-ecological Transformation in New Urban Peripheries: A Case Study of GurgaonIntroductionStudy Area and MethodologyUrbanization and Urban Growth in HaryanaLand Use Change and Growth of Peri-urban Delhi (Gurgaon Suburb)Interventions Through Master PlansMarginalization and Shrinking Socio-Economic SpaceReferencesEcosystem Services in NCT DelhiIntroductionMethods and Estimation Approach Study Area and DatabaseAssignment of Ecosystem Service ValuesResultsLand Use/Land Cover ChangesEstimation of Changes in Ecosystem ServicesEcosystem Services Sensitivity AnalysisConclusionReferencesExamining Equity in Spatial Distribution of Recreational and Social Infrastructure in DelhiBackgroundEquity and AccessibilityThe Case of DelhiAccessibility to Recreational Facilities in Zone-EPossible InterventionsConclusionReferencesLand Acquisition Policy and Praxis: The Case of Peri-urban DelhiThe ContextThe Land Acquisition Framework in India: An Appraisal(a) Doctrine of Eminent Domain and Definition of ‘Public Purpose’(b) Government acquisition for private company/PPP(c) Issue related to compensationLand Dispossession and Livelihood Transformation in Peri-urban DelhiMethodological Issues and DataAnalysis and ResultsChange in Primary and Secondary OccupationOccupational Shift and Category of HouseholdConclusionReferencesII Livelihoods and VulnerabilityNeo-Liberal Urbanization, Work Participation and Women: Comparing the Urban and Peri-urban Contexts of Delhi with Mumbai and KolkataData and ConceptsComparing the Contexts of Peri-Urban Areas of the three Metropolitan CitiesImpact of Urbanization on Demographic and Economic ParametersSocial and Demographic Impacts of Urbanization ProcessesEconomic Impacts of Urbanization and Rural Urban DifferencesA Gendered Analysis of Employment Characteristics in Rural and Urban Peri-Urban Areas: A comparison of the Metropolitan Areas and Rural InteriorsGender Differences in Correlates of Participation in the Labour Market in and around Delhi Mumbai and KolkataWage Differentials in Urban, Peri-Urban and Residual Interiors of 3 Selected Metropolitan CitiesConclusionReferencesEmbedded or Liberated? An Exploration into the Social Milieu of DelhiIntroductionConcept of EmbeddednessMethodologyChoice of IndicatorsSelection of Wards, Localities and Samples for Primary SurveyIndian Cities and Social SpaceMega Cities and Their EmbeddednessEmbedded Notion of Women’s Work: What It MeansChoice of OccupationsThe Framing of Women and WorkCity’s Socio-Spatial Situatedness and Perceptions of WorkSpatial Hold on Social Behaviour and PerceptionsInterruptions to EmbeddednessConclusionReferencesGender Violence in Delhi: Perceptions and ExperienceIntroductionPerspective to Understand Gender ViolenceLocating Gender-Based Violence in Context of Smart and Safe CitySocio-Demographic Profile of the RespondentsPerception of ViolenceSexual Behaviour Categorized as Violence and HarassmentSafe and Unsafe Public Spaces Entertainment Spaces and Eating JointsViolence and Modes of TransportTime as a Factor for ViolenceAge and Proneness to Sexual ViolenceMost Vulnerable Age GroupConclusionReferencesMigrant Women Workers in Construction and Domestic Work: Issues and ChallengesIntroduction and Background LiteratureStudy Design and MethodsMajor FindingsNature of WorkIncome EarnedLiving ConditionsHealth ConditionThe Support SystemChallenges in Implementation of SafeguardsSumming UpWay ForwardReferencesRevealing the Vulnerabilities of Population and Places at Risk in DelhiIntroductionMethodologyComparison Between Census and LandScan Population CountsDelhi Floods 2010ConclusionReferencesVulnerabilities of Relocated Women, A Case of Resettlement in Bawana JJ Colony, DelhiIntroductionSlums: Home and a Hope for Urban PoorJourney from Yamuna Pushta to BawanaYamuna Pushta—'Which Used to Be a Home for 40,000 FamiliesDemolition Drive: What Was the Motive Behind in Bulldozing the Yamuna Pushta?Bawana Resettlement JJ Colony‘Unheard Voices’: Reflections from the Field AreaAccess to Better Work OpportunitiesIssue of Health Care in Bawana JJ ColonyAvailability of Health Care in BawanaOther Woman MentionedAccessibility to Health CareAn Older Woman Shared Her ExperienceAffordability of Health CareCommunity Preferences for Local Health ProvidersOne of the Women Shared Her ExperienceReflecting Back to the Unheard VoicesReferencesSocial Vulnerability Mapping for DelhiIntroductionPoverty and Social VulnerabilityData and MethodsResultsPeripheralisationElectricityWaterToiletsBankingLiteracyEmploymentHouseRentedScheduled Caste (SC)DiseasesConclusionReferencesIII Health and Public AmenitiesDisrupted Megacities and Disparities in Health CareSpatial Dimension of HealthAccess to Health CareResearch DesignChanging Paradigm of Health Care: Understanding Contours of DelhiConstantly Changing Cityscape and Urban PoorBuilt-up Area of Delhi: Extracting Place from SpaceDisparities in Health Care Facilities in DelhiOverlay Analysis for Beds DistributionSpatial Disparities in Health Care Facilities in DelhiSpatial-Temporal Relationship in Access to HealthConclusionReferencesChanging Health Care Dynamics: Corporatization and Medical Tourism in National Capital RegionIntroductionHealth Care Planning in Post Independence IndiaGrowth of Corporate HospitalsChanging Nature of Health Care in DelhiShifting Priorities: Boost to Medical TourismMT in Major CitiesAdvertising and PackagingImplications of MTProfit MakingPublic Subsidy and Private SectorInternal Brain DrainConclusion and DiscussionReferencesHeath Care Providers in Delhi Metropolitan CitiesIntroductionA. Who Are the Health Care Providers?B. Contesting PerspectiveDoctor: A Social Product Versus a True ProfessionalDoctor: A Nobel Person Versus a Service ProviderC. Health Care Providers in Delhi Metropolitan City: Area of Study and Data BaseDeterminants of Doctor’s ‘Self’: A Process to ‘Establish Difference’Behind the Scene: Social Background of ClientelePrivate Health Care Services: Emergence, Issues, and ConcernsIntroduction of Market Principle: A Flaunt IdeaQuality of Care: A MythCulture of Practice: Non-transparencyIntroduction of Health Insurance: New Big BossHealth Care in ‘Consumerist Society’: Consumer Concerns and EmpowermentConclusionReferencesAccess to Maternal and Child Health Care: Understanding Discrimination in Selected Slum in DelhiIntroductionConceptual FrameworkDefining the Concept of Discrimination in Health Care AccessPurpose of the StudyStudy DesignProfile of the Study AreaDemographic CharacteristicsEducational StatusSocial GroupsHousehold Income and OccupationOccupational Opportunities Among Young MigrantsAccessibility of Basic Services in Kusumpur PahariGovernment Schemes and ProgrammeHealth Care Services in Kusumpur PahariReported Illness Among Household MembersMaternal and Child HealthSocial Constraints in Nutrition and BreastfeedingIssues and ConcernsUtilization of ServicesExperience of Caste Discrimination in Accessing Health ServicesSpheres and Forms of DiscriminationDiscussionReferencesLife on Streets: Health and Living Conditions of Children in DelhiIntroductionTheories on Child Delinquency and CrimeConceptual FrameworkResearch Design and MethodologyKey FindingsReason for Landing in StreetCoercion at Street—At the Work Place and while Accessing Basic AmenitiesPeer Pressure and CoercionDrugs and Delinquent BehaviourShelter HomeAspirationHealth Problems of Street ChildrenUtilization of Health ServicesProblems in Accessing ServicesProblems in Using Public Health ServicesDoctors’ PerspectiveUtilization of Services by Street Children:Nature of Illness and Usage of ServicesSuggestion and RecommendationsReferencesSocio-Economic Disparities Among Youth in Delhi: Issues and ChallengesYouth in IndiaStatus of Youth in India with Special Reference to HealthSocio-Economic Status of Delhi YouthProfile of Work Participation Among the YouthDiscussion and Concluding RemarksReferencesCondition of the Aged in National Capital Territory of DelhiIntroductionData and MethodAgeing Process in India and in DelhiSocio-Economic Condition of the AgedMarital Status and Household HeadshipEconomic Characteristics of the Elderly Population of DelhiHealth ConditionConclusionReferencesWater and Sanitation and Public Health Issues in DelhiIntroductionStudy MethodologyPeople Living in SlumsChallenges of Water Supply and Sanitation of the Urban Poor in DelhiEconomic Challenges:Political ChallengesSociocultural ChallengesEnvironmental ChallengesAdministrative ChallengesInfrastructural ChallengesDiscussionReferencesSolid Waste Management and Health of WorkersIntroductionSolid Waste ManagementProblem of Waste Management and the Scenario in IndiaSolid Waste Management and Health of the Waste WorkersThe Waste Generation and Management in DelhiPolicy Recommendations and SuggestionsConclusionReferencesLiving in Blight in the Globalized Metro: A Study on Housing and Housing Conditions in Slums of DelhiIntroductionThe StudyObjectivesBuilding from the Past LiteraturesDiscussionDeterminants of the Conditions of LivingConclusionReferences
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