Social Groups

Most of the families belong to the scheduled castes (76 %) is evident from Fig. 2. The households belonging to Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Castes and others comprise only 6 % of the total study participants. About 16 families did not report caste on account of their following religion other than Hinduism. However, the follow-up visits, discussions and observations suggested that they were Dalit Muslims (3), OBC Muslims (9) and Dalit Christians (4).

Household Income and Occupation

As regards the income quintiles, the households are fairly and evenly distributed with about 17 % falling in each quintile (Table 2). It is only in the third quintile that there are 18.2 % households. About 13 % households reported no income. These were the households which were established separately to claim rights on the land and the dwelling unit. For all practical purposes they were attached to their ‘parents’ household. It was also reported that many of them were using the housing unit for the purpose of sleeping only. Thus, labelling them as families was more appropriate than households.

The main occupation of the household respondent is regular employment in private sector (9.1 %) followed by casual labour in nonagricultural other than public work (4.5 %). Closely following is the regular employment in public sector and traditional service occupations such as shoe making/mending, washing and

Table 2 Income quintile and their distribution

Income quintile

Households/families

%

1

80

17.3

2

80

17.3

3

84

18.2

4

77

16.7

5

82

17.7

Total

403

87.2

No reported income

59

12.8

Total

462

100.0

Source prepared from the primary data collected from the study site (authors own source)

Table 3 Main occupation of the household

Main occupation

Engaged

%

Self-employed in agriculture/fishery/orchard

2

0.4

Self-employed in nonagriculture

14

3.0

Regular salaried/wage employee in government

17

3.7

Regular salaried/wage employee in private sector

42

9.1

Casual wage labour in public works

4

0.9

Casual labour in agriculture/horticulture

2

0.4

Casual labour in nonagriculture other than public works

21

4.5

Domestic work but also engaged in free collection of goods

2

0.4

Traditional service occupation (cobbler, dhobi, barber)

18

3.9

Total

122

26.4

Source prepared from the primary data collected from the study site (authors own source)

ironing clothes, and hair cutting/styling; which is offering work to less than 4 %. Other works like self-employment, domestic work engages very small share of the households’ members of the study (Table 3).

 
Source
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