Research Design and Methodology
This study was done at two levels by reviewing the literature at the first level and second used the qualitative information collected in the primary study to bridge the gap. Institute for Human Development (IHD) with the support of ‘Save the Children’1 have carried out a census study on street children in Delhi in 2011. The 'An nongovernmental organization working for the rights of the children.
report will be used to understand the situation of street children. To understand the existing gap in the report the qualitative information from the primary study conducted will be used. Especially the health problems and the health seeking behaviour of the children were not captured in the IHD report, the finding from the primary study will substantiate those information. Additionally, the literature from government documents, document available online, books, NGOs publications and articles were studied. Literature on status and living condition, deviant behaviours, health problems, and health seeking behaviour are reviewed.
The IHD census study was carried out during July-August 2010. This study will provide information on their geographical location, nature, demographic profile and details about night shelter. The qualitative data was collected during September-January 2005 in two commercial hubs, namely New Delhi Railway Station and Hanuman Temple (Cannought place) in New Delhi. About 20 street children were selected, 10 from each area for the in-depth interview. Apart from them eight key informant interviews (NGO’s, police, shop owners and public) were conducted. To understand the health seeking behaviour and health problem of street children 9 doctors and 3 paramedics were interviewed. Four focused group discussions were conducted among the children, 2 from each area.
During the fieldwork, the first one month was spent to build rapport with the children. It was felt gaining confidence of the children and getting acquainted with the area before the actual data collection was important. This one month time period helped a lot to build a good working relationship with the children. Latter in the month of January, the data collection was started it took 3 months to complete the data collection in both the area and with other key informant.
The study used mixed methods of data collection, quantitative informations were taken from IHDS survey and qualitative information were collected from the field. In-depth interviews were conducted with the children, health personnel and other official coming in contact with the children. Other techniques used include quasi-participant observation and focused group discussion. A semi structured interview schedule was adopted to understand the life of these children.