Security research projects
Some of the V2X field trials and research projects described in Section 2.1.2 have also considered security and privacy aspects. The CONVERGE project for example developed a security architecture for a hybrid network of V2X communication and cellular back-end connectivity . In addition, several research projects specifically focused on security and privacy aspects of intervehicular communication:
The SEVECOM project , 2006-2008, laid the groundwork for current security mechanism in inter-vehicular communication and was the context for some of the authoritative publications on the subject [111, 140, 141].
The EVITA project , 2008-2011, defined a secure on-board architecture and secure on-board communications protocols, and explored the use of hardware security modules (HSMs) in the automotive domain. While not focused on IVC exclusively, the project demonstrated a secure e-safety application based on V2X communication.
The PRECIOSA project , 2008-2010, examined privacy protection in cooperative systems and safety applications, using model-driven approaches, a privacy-enhanced policy language, and a privacy-enforcing runtime architecture.
The OVERSEE project , 2010-2013, focused on the creation of a secure, standardized and generic communication and application platform for vehicles, leveraging the HSM definitions from the EVITA project .
The PRESERVE project , 2011-2015, built on previous research projects (both security- and non-security-specific) and aimed to provide practical security solutions in the form of a V2X software stack and an HSM.