International Climate Negotiation Factors: Design, Process, Tactics

Climate Change as an Emerging Policy IssueWhy Climate Negotiations Are not IdealScope and Structure of This BookReferencesClimate Negotiation Factors: Design, Process and TacticsIntroductionDesign Aspects of a Climate Policy AgreementHandling International Environmental CooperationDetermining the Size of an International Policy CoalitionOrganising Climate Negotiation ProcessesIntegrated Versus Distributive NegotiationsOrganisation of Climate Negotiations Under the UNFCCCThe Scope for Tactics During Climate NegotiationsReflection of National Interests in Countries ’ PositionsTactical Factors for Climate NegotiationsUpfront negotiation targetThe extent to which people/countries are separated from issuesMandates for negotiators given by their governmentsSet up of the negotiation sessionTime pressure and exhaustionLocation of the negotiationsAvailability of documentsPersonalities of the key negotiatorsInformation availabilityAnalysis of Climate Negotiation Dossiers in This BookReferencesThe First Phase—Negotiating the UN Climate ConventionIntroductionCountries Take Their Positions During INC NegotiationsG-77&ChinaOECD Industrialised CountriesCentral and Eastern EuropeTowards Agreement on the UNFCCCDiscussion: Assessment of UNFCCC Negotiations Against Design, Process and Tactical FactorsNegotiation Factor 1: Design of the UNFCCCNegotiation Factors 2 and 3: Impact of Negotiation Process and TacticsReferencesThe Negotiation Process Leading to the Kyoto ProtocolIntroductionFrom ‘Berlin’ to ‘Kyoto’—Negotiations Under the Berlin MandateConcluding Negotiations on the Berlin Mandate—The Kyoto Climate ConferenceContinued Negotiations on Modalities and Procedures for Implementation of the Kyoto ProtocolEU: Shift in Negotiation StrategyBonn AgreementRussian HesitationDiscussion: Assessment of Kyoto Protocol Negotiations Against Design, Process and Tactical FactorsNegotiation Factor 1: Kyoto Protocol Design for an Effective International Climate CoalitionNegotiation Factor 2: Impact of Negotiation Process Under the Berlin Mandate on Kyoto Protocol AgreementNegotiations Factor 3: Decisive Negotiation Tactics and Facilitating Aspects During AGBM Protocol NegotiationsReferencesTowards a Future Climate Policy—From the Kyoto Protocol to the Paris AgreementIntroduction: Aligning Climate Policies with Development PoliciesTrying to Extend the Kyoto Protocol (2005-2009)Bali: The Bali Action PlanCopenhagen: No Consensus About the Copenhagen AccordRegaining Confidence in UN-Led Climate Negotiations (2010-2011)Cancun: Pledge and Review Paradigm in Cancun AgreementDurban: Bringing Negotiations to a New PlatformDoha: A Negotiation Gateway to the FutureTowards the Paris AgreementWarsaw: Introduction of Intended Nationally Determined ContributionsLima: Calling for Climate Actions at COP-20 in LimaParis: All’s Well that Ends WellDiscussion: Assessment of Post-2020 Climate Negotiations Against Design, Process and Tactical FactorsNegotiation Factor 1: Design of the Paris AgreementNegotiation Factor 2: Impact of Negotiation Process OrganisationNegotiation Factor 3: Tactical Aspects Influencing the Course and Outcomes of NegotiationsReferencesDealing with the Climate Negotiations ParadoxSummary of Past Negotiations in Light of Design, Process and Tactical FactorsNegotiating Modalities for Implementing Paris AgreementBreaking the ParadoxReferences
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