What was unusual about the teeth of a Tyrannosaurus rex?
- Are there any known toothless theropod dinosaurs?
- Were the arms of some carnivorous dinosaurs used for anything?
- What were the dromaeosaurids and what type of claws did they have?
- What is the largest raptor claw found to date in North America?
- What is the largest raptor claw found to date in the world?
The teeth of a Tyrannosaurus rex were unusual in their shape. Most carnivorous dinosaurs had somewhat flat teeth, similar to razor-edged knife blades. However, a Tyrannosaurus rex had teeth shaped like giant spikes almost like large, sharp bananas with serrations.
Are there any known toothless theropod dinosaurs?
Yes, there are several toothless theropod dinosaurs currently known, all from the group called the coelurosaurs. They include the ornithomimosaurs and oviraptorosaurs. Toothless dinosaurs had beaks that they used in place of teeth. In addition, some had strong jaw muscles that when combined with short, deep skulls could crush their prey.
Were the arms of some carnivorous dinosaurs used for anything?
The arms of some carnivorous dinosaurs were equipped with ferocious claws. The claws allowed the animals to grasp prey while the animal ripped off large chunks of meat, or to hold down prey while they bit and slashed, trying to bring down the victim. Others, such as a Deinonychus, would hold down its victim with its long arms, positioning itself to slash the prey with its large, hind claws.
What were the dromaeosaurids and what type of claws did they have?
The dromaeosaurids take their name from the first dinosaur fossil of their type found: the Dromaeosaurus, or running reptile. This group includes species such as the Dromaeosaurus, Velociraptor, Deinonychus, and the more recently discovered Utahraptor. These dinosaurs were fast running meat-eaters, with long legs and light bone structures. They exhibited a blend of features from both the carnosaurs and the coelurosaurs, with some unique characteristics of their own.
The claws of predator dinosaurs were all impressive, but none more so than those of the raptors, whose name means hunting with the daw (iStock).
Probably the most well-known feature of the dromaeosaurids was their large, sickle-shaped claws on the second toe of their foot. These huge curved claws were probably used to tear and rip apart their prey. Dinosaurs from this group are known colloquially as raptors. Overall, they were all thought to be vicious pack hunters prey would not want to meet in the tall grass.
What is the largest raptor claw found to date in North America?
The largest raptor claw found to date in North America belongs to a Utahraptor. This dinosaur had a length of about 20 feet (6 meters) and a height of about 7 feet (2 meters); the estimated weight of this animal fell between 1,000 to 1,700 pounds (454 to 771 kilograms). It had large, crescent-shaped claws on its forefeet and hind feet, with the two large foot claws measuring 12 inches (30.5 centimeters) in length. While the dinosaur was alive, the claws were covered with a sheath of keratin and were somewhat larger (they probably shrunk from being fossilized).
What is the largest raptor claw found to date in the world?
To date, the largest raptor claw found in the world belongs to the Therizinosaurus, which had claws that measured around 28 inches (70 centimeters) long. This theropod beast lived in the area now called the Mongolian Desert 75 million years ago. It was a long distant relative of other ferocious meat-eaters like the Velociraptor and the Tyrannosaurus. But its unknown how it used these huge claws because no one has ever found a complete skeleton of the creature. Scientists speculate that the claws may have been used for defense, mating displays, or because it is thought that these theropods differed from most by eating primarily vegetation even to reach treetops to forage on leaves.