Civil Society and the UN Security Council: Advocacy on the Rwandan Genocide
The literature on the relationship between civil society and international institutions is rich and fast-growing. It has explored patterns of conflict and cooperation between civil society and international organizations (Steffek 2013), civil society’s access to international institutions (Charnovitz 2000; Tallberg et al. 2013), and politicization and contestation of international organizations’ activities (Binder 2008; Zurn et al. 2012; Rixen and Zangl 2013). Civil society actors play diverse roles vis-a-vis international institutions by being sources of advocacy and pressure, partners in service delivery, liaisons with grassroot organizations, and monitors of international institutions’ performance. This chapter focuses on civil society advocacy and analyses how non-governmental organizations (NGOs) campaigned for a stronger United Nations (UN) response to the 1994 Rwandan genocide. It first provides an overview of the history and the current state of the relationship between civil society and the UN Security Council and then investigates how NGOs have influenced the Security Council’s response to the genocide in Rwanda. It concludes by assessing the role that civil society played during the events and outlines directions for further research.
K. Oksamytna (H)
University of Warwick, Warwick, UK
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