This variable was measured by the extent to which governments use simplification strategies based on the responses of OECD delegates and central government officials to the OECD Regulatory Management Systems’
Indicators Survey conducted in 2008. The composite index examines the relative emphasis by central governments on strategies designed to reduce administrative burdens at the highest levels (OECD 2009). It looks at (weights in parentheses) whether a country has an explicit burden reduction program (33.3%) and whether the program includes quantitative targets for reducing burdens (16.7%), the use of strategies that employ information and communication technologies (16.7%) and other tools (16.7%) to reduce administrative burdens, and the practice of reallocating responsibilities across government to streamline business processes and reduce costs to citizens and business (16.7%). The index summarizes information about the intensity of the countries’ efforts and the comprehensiveness of their programs to reduce administrative burdens. The values of this variable are on a percentage scale.
This variable was measured by a single item indicating the confidence that citizens have in their national government. The OECD report (2015) refers to data collected by the Gallup World Poll in 2014. Data for confidence in national government refer to the percentage of “yes” answers to the question: “In this country, do you have confidence in each of the following, or not? How about national government?” The values of this variable are on a percentage scale.