Paleomonsoon records show that cold periods of the climatic history had winter like circulation, whereas warm periods were characterized by a strong summer monsoon flow. General inferences on climate of the Holocene (*10 ka) drawn from various proxy sources indicate a clear increasing trend in the monsoon since 10 ka. In general, there was a warm humid climate with frequent floods during 10-4.5 ka over the northern regions of the subcontinent. The Little Ice Age over the Tibetan Plateau was not cold as in mid latitudes.

The Asian region has a vast potential of historical evidences. However, systematic and collective efforts are needed to elaborate the possibility of extracting paleoclimate data from many parts of the region to assess climate variability better.

Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to ISRO-GBP for funding.


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