In line with the nature of a consociational system, public research in the Netherlands is characterised by a multiplicity of actors involved in both policy setting and conducting research. Nearly two thirds of governmental research funding goes to research in HEIs, but the public sector also contributes to research in other institutions. Whilst the public sector still provides most funding generically, there is also a large variety of competitive project funding streams. Furthermore, there have been quite a few competitive institutional funding schemes which have led to the creation of new research performing entities.
-  Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek 2016.
-  Jongbloed 2010, p. 321; van der Meulen 2010, p. 524 seq; den Hertog et al. 2012, p. 14 seq;Mostert 2012, p. 3 seq, 9, 13; Euraxess (n 101), Matthijs et al. 2016, pp. 38, 40 seq, 46 seq;Rathenau Instituut (2016) Science in figures. https://www.rathenau.nl/en/science-in-figures.Accessed 6 August 2016 section ‘Investments—Funding and performance of R&D in theNetherlands’.