Limiting Markets

The interviewees stated that there were no quantitative restrictions on the amount of research generally and on privately funded research in particular. On the contrary, as public generic funding decreased there would be a strong desire to attract more privately funded research, in particular private funding for full costs. However, as two interviewees pointed out, there might be reservations as to the content. If a project has little academic value or it excessively limits academic freedom, universities might refrain from conducting it. Yet, in a focus group the concern was expressed that the decreasing public funding might, in the future, also lower the threshold with regards to content. Content restrictions, do not generally appear to pose an issue, unless perhaps the university thereby denies access to an essential facility or there is a collusion on the matter which could cause anti-competitive effects. However, if that was the case, there may still be possibilities for exemption.

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