The Boom of Information and Communication Technologies
Nowadays more electrical appliances and devices can connect with one another and to the Internet. This trend will continue and lead to a rise in the share of energy consumed by such machines. According to the Bank of America (Financial Times
- 2014) , the information and communication technologies (ICTs) segment accounted for 10 % of worldwide electricity consumption. The segment’s consumption has increased considerably over the last 10 years. Data centers alone represent between
- 1.1 and 1.5 % of worldwide electricity production (Koomey 2014). Consumption doubled between 2000 and 2005 and grew 56 % between 2005 and 2010, and should continue to grow rapidly! The number of connected devices reached 12 billion in 2010 and should increase 25-50 billion by 2020 (Cisco 2011; FierceWireless
- 2015) . The deployment of ICTs throughout the world will therefore bring about a considerable increase in the electricity consumption by the segment. The boom of new technologies is therefore also a historical determinism which will significantly contribute to the energy transition.