Geotourism in Turkey
In the early 1990s, geotourism was first defined by Hose as “the provision of interpretive and service facilities to enable tourists to acquire knowledge and understanding of the geology and geomorphology of a site beyond the level of mere aesthetic appreciation” (Hose 1995: 17). The concept of geotourism has evolved over time and branched out into a spectrum of definitions (Newsome and Dowling 2006). Stueve et al. noted that geotourism is closely related to geographic tourism (Stueve et al. 2002), while Farsani et al. highlighted that geotourism is a niche market and a branch of sustainable tourism, aiming to educate visitors about the Earth’s heritage (Farsani et al. 2012). Geotourism can also be considered as part of natural area tourism focusing on visitation of geological and geomorphological sites in rural areas (Newsome and Dowling 2006; Akbulut 2014a).
“Turkey is one of the most important tourist attracting countries of the world due to its rich natural and cultural landscapes” (Akbulut 2014a: 90). In 2014, over 41 million tourists visited Turkey and generated an income of more than 34 billion USD including beach-based tourism, which has significantly improved (Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2015). Additionally, Turkey has outstanding geotourism resources due to a very complex geological history. This chapter presents general information about the geographic characteristics of Turkey, evaluating its potential for geotourism development. The chapter closes with a discussion of the measures that should be taken in order to better promote Turkey’s geosites and geoparks to tourists.  
-  Egresi (ed.), Alternative Tourism in Turkey, GeoJournal Library 121,DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-47537-0_6