Authors' Notes

This research was partially funded by CUNY Doctoral Student Research Grant to K. Powers. We thank Naomi Aldrich, Louis Alfieri, and Melissa Palladino for their work in creating the dataset for this study.


  • 1. There were 265 comparisons in our dataset rather than the 251 comparisons in the dataset of Powers et al. (2013): 14 comparisons from one study (Boot, 2007) were expanded to allow for comparison of two different commercial video games.
  • 2. References marked with an asterisk are included in the meta-analysis.


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