IOT, WHAT ELSE?
HCC HUMAN COMPUTER CONFLUENCE
The SCADA dashboards are no more user interfaces, including several metrics for supervising the production process. It evaluates to more usable and useful interfaces. This is essentially motivated by the fact that the User Interface is now a quality factor. The SCADA professionals propose now more accessible and usable user interface by adapting the supervision process into smart phones, tables, user interfaces to offer better interaction.
One of the announced and expected features of IoT is to promote communication and connectivity.
As HCI professionals expect a new HCI era that is presented as Human- Computer Confluence (e.g., wearable interfaces for example, this HCI evolution will surely impact the manufacturing area via new dashboard offering flexibility, connectivity and mainly ease of use for supervision and piloting purposes.
CONCLUDING REMARKS AND PERSPECTIVES
The present chapter presents an overview about the actual perception of the M.E.S. and the expected evolution in this sector. This evolution will mainly be paced by the fourth industrial revolution. The customer expectation is evolving from a simple tool for gathering, analyzing and storing data to a system taking part of the decision process. Furthermore, the M.E.S. have to be more flexible to easily adopt the different changes having in the manufacturing process or the managerial one.
The new M.E.S. that is announced to support the smart factories and the IoT is expected to be the engine of a revolution in manufacturing areas. However, in many manufacturers this challenge seems to be unreachable since the used physical resources are quite old fashioned and needs huge amounts of money to replace the existing installation with a newer one.
One of the announced perspectives, concerns the Internet of Everything: People, Process, Data, and Things. The IoT is far from to be a final step. It is considered as a departure point for another concept that is the Internet of Everything. In fact, the smart sensors offer the possibility for context awareness and support energy independence. Another factor is promising; it concerns the processing power constant evolution. Then, we can predict the imminent second phase of the fourth revolution: Internet of Everything. It is supposed to combine information related to: people, process, data, and things.
This perspective implicates further work on the mentioned challenged to which are facing the M.E.S. leaders. Indeed, the IoE is presented as a network of networks where we predict trillions of connections related to a manufacturing sector.