II Urban Planning Policy Implications

Implementing COP 21

Jan-Erik Lane

Abstract The global policy of halting climate change has only been decided upon in Paris 2015, as the implementation process has yet to start. Many more meetings and conferences are held by The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change almost monthly, but the real putting into effect of means and instruments that promote the COP21 goals is still lacking, at least from a global point of view. I will point out the problematic with the COP21 Agreement, employing two well-known social economics models and illustrating it with a few examples from the real world. The findings include that several countries face an energy-emissions conundrum that the climate change project must face.


Mankind has through the United Nations chosen the COP21 Agreement as the most hopeful response to the climate change challenge, involving decentralized policies in favour of decarbonisation, given some form of international governance oversight. All the hurrahs in and around the Paris accords now face the grim realities of policy implementation—Wildavsky’s hiatus—and the strong links of emissions with economic development through the energy connections—Kaya’s model. This paper spells out the implications of these two major models in political science and economics for the probability of success of the COP21 project. First I state some theoretical notes on implementation and the links: GDP-energy-emissions. And then I provide a few empirical examples of the difficulties the models entail.

J.-E. Lane (H)

Public Policy Institute, Belgrade, Serbia e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

R. Alvarez Fernandez et al. (eds.), Carbon Footprint and the Industrial Life Cycle, Green Energy and Technology, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-54984-2_8

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