Expected Impacts

With this regard, SYMBIONT may achieve the following propositions:

• Increase urban resilience in monitored case-studies

The project pursues the improvement of environmental quality in MWF related neighborhoods, as they turn from “grey” towards “green” infrastructures, with capacity to provide social, ecological and economic measurable benefits to urban communities. After the two-year implementation impacts, such as noise reduction (1.7 dB night), temperature regulation (-0.2 °C) and promotion of new recreational areas (+8% Floor Area Ratio) will be entangled.

• Managing symbiosis in urban environments

Although clearly widespread in industry and agriculture, references to urban/architectural symbiosis are still very scarce. The project fosters evidence on the organizational impact of urban planning models on mixed-use versus mono-functional development. In envisioning the conflicts, synergies and alliances between theoretical models and urban governance in MEU, the project provides new tools to construct sustainable relations and trigger synergies with various urban constituencies.

• Enlighten “black-box” management protocols promote participative approach

Current Municipal Solid Waste management entails sometimes huge disinformation between political, administrative, professional and social agents. The selection of case-study plots at leader cities will be co-defined by local consortiums as councils, universities, neighborhood associations and private/public companies- transforming the—mainly negative—social impact of waste management infrastructures into dynamic public spaces and reducing improper waste disposal habits.

• Reduce carbon-intensive household behavior patterns

Consumers energy consumption has risen by 25% since 1985, as a result of population growth, rising incomes, and households energy-intensive behavior patterns. SYMBIONT expects to reduce household solid waste production per capita in the different case studies by 3%.[1] A total increase of waste recovery rates -taken to recycle and compost- is expected in the monitored environments as an increase of 10% related to existing recycling rates per country.

  • • Increase of effective exploitation of organic fraction waste
  • 36% of solid municipal waste production is organic. A number of social actions related to composting of pruning waste and urban gardening will foster new market and social opportunities for this important fraction.
  • • Reduction in GHG emissions from waste disposal reducing landfill disposal Despite a steady increase in the overall quantity of generated waste, emissions from waste disposal will decrease in the future. This shift stems from the decrease in waste being landfilled in the EU. The waste sector accounted for about 11% of the cuts in GHG emissions in 2011, which amounts to 1.8% of total emissions. The waste management sector therefore plays a key role due to the reduction in reliance on landfill for residual disposal, a change that has been significantly influenced by EU waste legislation.

  • [1] Eurostat Statistics from 2013 establishes that waste generated rates (in Kg/person year) are: Spain449, UK 482 and Italy 491. Recycling + composting recovery rates are Spain 20 + 10%, UK28 + 16% and Italy 26 + 15%.
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