Understanding of the Educational Technology Field

A general question was included to find out how much the participants could talk about the educational technology field. Fifty-two participants all answered this question. The responses were coded into four categories: no thoughts, comments, shallow understanding, and comprehensive understanding. The response in the no thoughts category was simply a sentence of “I don’t know.” Those responses that were classified in the comments category were personal opinions, such as “Information technology is the most important components of educational technology;” “Theories need improving and educational technology certainly enhances education;” “Educational technology will have a great impact on higher education;” etc. A total of 21 responses were personal opinions. Those responses that were classified in the shallow understanding category were very simple answers, usually one to two sentences. They reflected some correct concepts although information provided was far from sufficient. The examples included “Using technology to help enhance human learning;” “Technology use in school education and in business training;” “Research on application of technology in education;” etc. A total of 10 responses fell into this category. Those responses that were classified in the comprehensive understanding category, although not really inclusive, include key elements in educational technology. Here are a few examples:

Appropriately use modern technology to solve problems in teaching and learning. Educational technology serves education and applies technology. Use various types of information technologies in various learning and teaching situations and form various research focuses for educational technology. The research and practice in educational technology include instructional games, instructional design, smart teaching and learning, distance education, etc.

Educational technology is a bridge between education and technology. Integrate information technology in instructional design to enhance teaching and learning, improve teaching and learning, and design innovative strategies in teaching and learning.

According to AECT 2005 [2008] definition, Educational Technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources.

A total of 20 responses were identified as comprehensive understanding of the educational technology field. Table 16.6 presents the responses and percentage of the responses in each of the four categories in each age range.

Table 16.6 Levels of understanding in each age range (N = 52)

25-30 (n = 1)

31-35 (n = 3)

36-40 (n = 15)

41-45 (n = 13)

46-50 (n = 14)

51-55 (n = 6)

No Thoughts




1 (8 %)




1 (100 %)


5 (33 %)

6 (46 %)

6 (43 %)

3 (50 %)




3 (20 %)

2 (15 %)

3 (21 %)

2 (33 %)



3 (100 %)

7 (47 %)

4 (31 %)

5 (36 %)

1 (17 %)

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