III Implications for Policy and Practice
The following chapters draw on the previous parts of the book to present more operational approaches to undertaking housing need analyses and developing local strategies for promoting adequate supplies of moderately priced housing across the market. Chapter 10 introduces the notion of local and regional housing strategies which provide a basis for identifying and responding to housing needs and market trends in a coordinated way, bringing together different stakeholders, sources of evidence, policy levers and government resources. While the scope and format of local or regional housing strategies differ between jurisdictions, increasingly these instruments are expected to address a set of policy objectives and themes which are increasingly universal—emphasising the dimensions of appropriate, adequate and affordable housing within environmentally sustainable neighbourhoods which offer opportunities for a healthy and socially engaged way of life. If the overarching objectives for local housing strategies are somewhat universal, the specific housing needs and market characteristics of a local area, along with the parameters for policy intervention through the planning system are often quite distinct. Chapter 10 therefore provides guidance for building the evidence base needed for an effective local strategy by undertaking a housing need and market analysis, and formulating potential responses to a range of housing needs and market contexts. Chapter 11 explains the rationale and policy arguments for addressing at least some of these needs, by promoting affordable housing through the planning system. The final chapter pulls the different threads of the book together to highlight a set of common issues and emerging lessons.