Substance-induced depressive disorder

The diagnostic features of Substance-induced depressive disorder (SIDD) includes symptoms such depressed mood or diminished interest in everyday activities and which developed during or soon after substance intoxication or withdrawal or after exposure to a medication. A SIDD is distinguished from a primary depressive disorder by considering the onset, course as well as other factors associated with the substance use. Of course, to make this diagnosis, there must be evidence of substance use, abuse, intoxication, or withdrawal prior to the onset of the depressive disorder. Also, the diagnosis should not be better explained by an independent depressive disorder, such as in those cases when the depressive disorder preceded the onset of ingestion or withdrawal from the substance (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Depressive disorder due to another medical condition

Depressive disorder due to another medical condition (DDAMC) may be diagnosed when there is evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings that a depressive disorder is the direct pathophysiological consequence of another medical condition (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Hence, the clinician should establish that the mood disturbance is etiologically related to the general medical condition.

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