Global Competency Framework and Model Development
In our review of different set of literatures spanned over employability, graduate attributes, twenty-first-century skills, Innovation and Knowledge Based Economy competencies, engineering skills, etc., it was apparent that both engineering literature and non-engineering literature share global set of competencies that can be themed into couple of dimensions and categories. Content analysis led to categorize the skills found into a set of 22 items of global skills under 4 main dimensions.
- 1- Dimension I—Core Knowledge and Practice, which includes the following competencies: 1—science knowledge (math, physics, and science fundamentals); 2—disciplinary fundamentals, 3—interdisciplinary fundamentals, 4— multidisciplinary knowledge, 5—practical experience, and 6—ICT skills.
- 2- Dimension II—Cognition, Mental, and Thinking, which includes the following competencies: 1—lifelong learning, 2—problem-solving, 3— decision-making, 4—analytical thinking, 5—systems thinking, 6—critical thinking, 7—creative and Innovation, and 8—design.
- 3- Dimension III—Professional and Interpersonal, which includes the following competencies: 1—professionalism, 2—ethics and responsibility, 3— adaptability, 4—communications, 5—teamwork, and 6—foreign languages.
- 4- Dimension IV—Business and Management, which includes the following competencies: management, leadership, and entrepreneurship.