Stakeholders and Global Literature Recommendations for Twenty-First-Century Engineering Education for iKBE
Throughout this book’s development, a significant number of recommendations have been attained and found through one of the following roots:
- • Emerged from involved stakeholders in the study (industry: managers, trainers, HR, and practicing engineers; academia: faculty and senior students) and
- • Synthesized from the reviewed literature globally
These recommendations have been summarized and categorized in the subsections below. Those recommendations that emerged from stakeholders in Qatar are cited with QS as an acronym of Qatar stakeholders, and the rest are cited via the reference they have been found in.
Engineering Practice and Industry: Academia Linkage
The theme of engineering practice in engineering curriculum and better linkage with industry was one of the main observed emphases of interviewed stakeholders. Interviewees recommended introducing interventions for equipping students with practical skills needed for employer in advance of graduations to enhance job productivity, to reduce training programs’ duration in industry, and to enhance employability for non-nationals (QS). Furthermore, all groups called for increasing the proportion of practical training and internships, even beginning with freshman year (QS); to further enable this, some have recommended developing a section or organizational structure in large companies dedicated for internships and industry- academia linkage (QS). Similarly, faculty reported that the absence of such effective structure on the academia side is one of the major barriers of enhancing industry- academia linkages. Several interviewees called to host instructors from industry in engineering courses and to include more feedback from industry in curriculum design (QS); similar calls have been recommended in international studies of Nor et al. (2008) and RAE (2007).