Personality and Interpersonal Traits
Observations by managers and human resource specialists, as well as many research studies, indicate that leaders have certain personal and interpersonal traits. (Kirkpatrick and Locke 1991; Goleman 1998). In general, personality traits of effective leaders may encompass the following attributes: 1—self-confidence, 2—humility, 3—assertiveness, 4—trustworthiness, 5—warmth, 6—sense of humour, 7—enthusiasm, 8—extraversion, 9—emotional stability, 10—management, 11—leadership, 12—communications, 13—teamwork, etc.
Effective leaders have frequently been distinguished by their motives and needs. Leaders are known for working hard and putting forth energy to achieve their goals, this is called the drive and achievement motives (Dubrin 2007). Leaders with high power of motives have three dominant characteristics: 1—they act with vigour and determination to exert their power, 2—they invest much time in thinking about ways to alter the behaviour and thinking of others, and 3—they care about their personal standing with those around them (McClelland and Byatzis 1982).