The TIKAT Framework, an Adoption of UBC for Engineering Schools and Colleges
The UBC can be adopted for engineering colleges and schools. For the context of engineering adoption of UBC, we will re-label it as a technology innovation and knowledge and assets transfer (TIKAT) framework to match more specifically with engineering and technology terms of industry-academia collaboration.
The “Stairway model for strategic partnership” (see Fig. 4.4) is one of the systemic ways of implementing gradual transfer from an initial phase of formation, through basic collaboration, joint collaboration, and finally a strategic partnership. The model has been utilized successfully by several institutions in Germany and the UK (Davey et al. 2011); below is a brief description of the model phases:
1. Formation: In the formation phase, the regularity of collaboration is limited to only initiation of contact, and having some common understandings of mutual benefits maybe also with some formalities put in place in terms of an MoU.
Fig. 4.4 The “Stairway model for strategic partnership” is a model composed of four stages, leading to a strategic collaboration; source taken from Davey et al. (2011)
Normally, activities initiated in this phase are of a short-term nature, and potentially as pilots. Few people are usually engaged in such contacts and done on the bottom line of the organizational hierarchy of academic institutions by a professor or even a teaching assistant.
- 2. Basic Collaboration: In this stage, one or more of concrete projects are launched and running; however, no regular pattern of such projects is established yet. Time horizon is short to medium and also few people were involved, mainly done on a faculty/professor level.
- 3. Joint Collaboration: In this stage also, one or more concrete projects are established; however, a regular pattern of collaboration started to emerge. Time horizon of this phase is medium to long as both sides are experiencing mutual added value of the joint collaboration. Normally, senior management on departmental or college level (e.g. head of department and/or dean) are involved in managing the joint work with industry.
- 4. Strategic Partnership: Here, it is similar to the previous phase with the exception that relationship has moved into a sustainable long-term partnership and is normally managed on a university senior leadership level.