Collaboration and integration of universities with industry and government is a core concept in iKBEs. The transformation into innovation- and knowledge-based economies implies universities transfer their role from only teaching and research into more entrepreneurial institutions with socio-economic impact dimensions.

Several frameworks and models have emerged in the last two decades in order to foster university collaboration and partnership with industry; in particular, this chapter provided details on the Industry-Advisory Board model, Triple-Helix model, the Industry-University Cooperative Research Center model, and the university-business cooperation framework. Furthermore, this chapter provided adoptions and extensions tailored in particular for engineering schools and colleges.


Davey, T., Baaken, T., Muros, V. G., & Meerman, A. (2011). The state of European University- business cooperation: Final report-study on the cooperation between higher education institutions and public and private organisations in Europe. Science-to-Business Marketing Research Centre Germany: Muenster.

Gray, D. O., & Walters, S. G. (1998). Managing the industry/university cooperative research center. Columbus, OH: Battelle.

NSF. (2016). NSF—National Science Foundation.

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