Skills, abilities, and experiences of individuals

The type of learning to be expected is also based on the level of experience of those involved. For example, facts generally need to be understood prior to learning the principles associated with them. Similarly, it is useful for a client to know facts (such as identification of plant parts) before teaching him or her a procedure (e.g., taking stem cuttings of houseplants).

Table 4.2 Horticultural therapy practice: Teaching strategies for various content

or performance

Content

Teaching strategy

Horticultural example

Fact

Show, practice, and rehearse

Ripe "Early Girl" tomatoes are red.

Concept

Show, describe, and organize

Identify tomatoes ready for harvest.

Principles

State principle or rule

Plants need healthy roots to grow.

Procedure

Demonstrate, organize, elaborate, and practice

Transplant seedlings to pots.

Interpersonal

Model, imagine, and rehearse

Cooperatively mix soil and fill flats.

Attitude

Model, imagine, and rehearse

Gardening helps me to reduce stress.

 
Source
< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >