Conclusion

Although there may never be a highly profitable Australian comics industry, being profitable is not the same as being sustainable. While there could be more earmarked investment into comics production by governmentfunding bodies, it already functions as a creative industry due to expanding markets and a knowledge economy within a social network. These markets are created online through media convergence and offline by comics’ increased visibility within commercial and cultural events. What Australian comics production lacks in economic capital it makes up for in social capital, with creative identity and a respect for authentic work creating a scene that has endured for 40 years. I have found Australian comics creators to be as tenacious as they are generous, and I do not doubt the scene could survive for 40 more.

Author’s Note To all my interview participants: a sincere thank you from the author for answering my questions with infinite wisdom, patience, and kindness.

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