SUMMARIZING MEANINGFUL TASK INVOLVEMENT
Upon completion of a monitoring session, the resulting data need to be summarized. This is performed by completing the Data Summarization section on the bottom of the monitoring form. Initially, the number of recordings of each behavior code across the entire form is provided on the first line of this section. Next, the total number of recordings is tabulated and written on the second line in the summarization section. Finally, the percentage of occurrence of the respective behavior codes is determined and written on the bottom line. For the behavior codes of SC, Off, AD, TV, and O, the percentage of occurrence is determined by dividing the number of recordings for each respective code by the total number of recordings and multiplying each result by 100%.
The summarization process is a little different for the primary behavior codes of concern, M and NM. To assess the degree to which a center-based program promotes participant involvement in meaningful versus nonmeaningful tasks, initially a determination must be made regarding whether participants are engaged in tasks that are assigned or otherwise expected to be completed. That is, the first consideration is what are the participants doing when engaged in on-task behavior because such engagement reflects participants doing what the center is intending for them to be doing. Hence, to determine the amount of meaningful task involvement in center-provided tasks, M is divided by all M and NM recordings (i.e., on-task) and multiplied by 100% to derive a percentage. This gives the percentage of all task involvement that meets the guidelines for meaningful task involvement. Similarly, the percentage of all task involvement that is nonmeaningful is determined by dividing NM by the total number of all M plus NM recordings. The illustration of a completed monitoring form exempli- lies how the Data Summarization section can be filled out based on the data recorded on the form.