Observation and Situated Cognition

The theory-laden observation process must involve consideration of both technological and human elements, and can be thought of as residing within a larger construct. A model to describe this observation process is the Dynamic Model of

The dynamic model of situated cognition (Shattuck & Miller, 2006)

Fig. 15.5 The dynamic model of situated cognition (Shattuck & Miller, 2006)

Situated Cognition (DMSC), which captures both the human and technological components of systems in a single model that depicts how observation is influenced by a variety of agents (Miller and Shattuck, 2005; Shattuck & Miller, 2006). Figure 15.5 is our interpretation of the DMSC. Note that we have included the DIKDM structure, as the terminology used by Miller & Shattuck is not entirely consistent with Coombs and what we have used throughout this book.

Technological System in the DMSC

Our model of the DMSC in Fig. 15.5 processes phenomena from left to right. In the first oval, the technological system has the opportunity to observe all of the real-world, i.e., empirical phenomena present in the environment. This process is a function of the environment and of conditions external to the technological system. In the second oval, the system detects some smaller sub-set of the available data from the environment. The system is incapable of processing all of the empirical data from the environment due to the system’s capability and its operational state, which may change based upon the condition of the system over time. In the third oval, the system’s users have an opportunity to detect what the system has both detected and presented for human processing. The proportion of the data processed is, once again, less than that of the previous oval and is a function of the system’s capabilities, its operational state, and how it was configured to present data for human interpretation (Phase 1 in Fig. 15.1 and Table 15.1).

 
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