Rural-Urban Linkages

In Chapter 1, Marika Gon explores research on the linkages between rural and urban communities, adding to our understanding of the gaps within tourism studies and the tremendous potential for joint product and promotion development. This chapter explores the mutual benefits that arise from qualities within the rural to urban contexts. It also demonstrates increasing interest, yet lack of substantial ‘academic production’, in this area, which opens opportunities for diverse and multidisciplinary lines of research in the future.

Andrew Holden and Katherine Lupton (Chapter 2) address the value in reconnecting people to nature and environments of rural areas. They reiterate the important aspects of this unity and documented benefits associated with community and connection to nature. They raise the ‘how’ question to elevate the critical importance of these relationships and the importance of integrating diverse and creative venues for achieving positive outcomes. Through a review of research on creating deeper relationships, place attachment and meaningful experiences, this chapter highlights critical questions of where people meet landscapes and tourism’s role in facilitating greater connections.

While stakeholder involvement has become a necessity within the world of sustainable tourism and community development, Lauren Duffy (Chapter 3) reviews the critical literature and theoretical implications, focusing on power and relationships. As we have seen in numerous cases around the world, breaking down what works and why engaging stakeholders, as well as associated challenges, is critical to the success of sustainable tourism planning and development. Lauren’s review concludes with recommendations to enhance the diversity of voices and empowerment, useful for planners, researchers and students interested in creating impressive levels of involvement and equality.

Christina T. Cavaliere (Chapter 4) explores the relationship of food- scapes and their experiential connections to the life and world around us, specifically climate and sustainability-related issues. This section connects the systems of the visual and experiential attributes of the tourist experience. Bending our view of food and the experiences it provides, Christina offers an approach to expanding our connection in ways that re-introduce the traveller to their engagement with biological and sociological processes. She raises important questions about connecting foodscapes to concerns and knowledge on climate change and sustainability.

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