Conclusion

This chapter reviewed existing literature on stakeholder involvement in integrated tourism planning and considered the role of stakeholders by reviewing factors that influence participation and dispersion of tourism impacts. The importance of this is that the success of integrated tourism is dependent on the strength of the connections and the ability to negotiate, collaborate and work towards common goals. This chapter has argued for the utility of investigating power within the planning process, which can be done through the application of a critical or social justice lens. In doing so, linkages with marginalized stakeholder groups can be further developed to help strengthen their collective voice in the decision-making process. Moreover, shifting towards critical integrated tourism planning will provide strategic intentionality to stakeholder inclusion, subsequently leading to more equal dispersion of the costs and benefits of tourism development within the urban-rural framework.

 
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