The City of Tshwane is home to the administrative capital of South Africa (Pretoria) and houses over 130 international diplomatic missions, making it the second largest geographical concentration of embassies after Washington, DC (Statistics South Africa, 2014). On the outskirts of the CBD lie more than ten vibrant communities (townships), notably: Atteridgeville, Mamelodi, Soshanguve, Mabopane, Ga-Rankuwa, Centurion, Akasia, Winterveldt and Hammanskraal.
Development planning in the City of Tshwane takes due consideration of the City’s unique status as the administrative and diplomatic capital of South Africa as evidenced in the Tshwane Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework (COT, 2012), the Growth and Development Strategy for Tshwane (COT, 2006a), the Tshwane Integrated Development Plan (COT, 2006b) and the City of Tshwane Tourism Master Plan (2005). This implies maximizing the City’s tourism potential, among other economic opportunities. The 2015 state of the capital address, subtitled ‘Building the people’s capital’, alluded to this by specifying four economic sectors ear-marked to drive development within the next 15 years towards the attainment of its 2055 vision. These four sectors are identified as:
- • education and the knowledge economy;
- • agriculture and agro-processing;
- • business and diplomatic tourism; and
- • the green economy.
Peculiar among the many challenges facing the City of Tshwane is the considerable decline in economic growth and high level of unemployment (COT, 2015). With a population of 2.9 million, the unemployment rate stands at 24.2% (Statistics South Africa, 2014).
Fondly referred to as the jacaranda city because of the beautiful jaca- randa flowers that cover the city in spring, major tourist attractions in Pretoria include the Union Buildings, Freedom Park, Church Square, Voortrekker Monument and Transvaal Museum, among others. It is evident from the foregoing that Pretoria, like many cities and urban destinations, is dominated by heritage attractions.