Varieties of Economic Inequality

The structure of the bookReferencesI Definitions and approachesNot just slicing the pie. The need for a broader approach to economic inequalityUnequal meaningsA narrow focusThe countless faces of inequalityConcluding remarksNotesReferencesIncome inequality. What causes it and how to curb itFirst question: why care about income distribution?Reasons to be concerned about income inequalityCauses of income inequalityPolicy suggestions to counter the rise of inequalityMeasures to prevent the rise of “market” inequalityRedistribution measuresReferencesGender, class and the crisisGender and the crisisClass, inequality and the crisisData and methodologyGender and class during the crisisConclusions: a need to re-examine gender and the crisis?NotesReferencesEconomic inequality, political power and political decision-makingThe middle-income trap: A brief summary of the literatureA political economy perspectiveUnderlying approachesA political economy explanation of the middle-income trapThe institutional levelThe policy levelOn rationality and perfect foresightAn illustration with the Dominican and the Brazilian caseBrazil and the Dominican Republic: differences and commonalities of two middle-income countriesMaximizing the cake or maximizing one’s piece of the cake?Legacies from the early 20th centuryPolitical regimes after the big figuresThe recent decadesEconomic interests and education policiesConclusionNotesReferencesII Empirical evidence and policy suggestions Welfare models, inequality and economic performance during globalisationGlobalisation: causes and consequences, a brief overviewWelfare, inequality and economic performanceThe modelConclusionsNotesReferencesLabour market institutions and wage inequality within education groups in EuropeInequality within education groups and labour market institutional settingsDataDescriptive evidenceEconometric methodsResultsFinal remarksNotesReferencesDo rights matter?Introduction: Representing inequalities in the EURights-Based Approaches and the European political economyConclusionsNotesModern technologies, modern disparitiesTechnological disparities in European regions: EU PolicyTechnological disparities in European regions: An illustrationThe relationships between disparitiesConcluding remarksNotesReferencesA classification of school-to-work transition regimesSome stylized factsThe youth experience gapA classification of school-to-work transition regimesNorth-European system: Active Labour Market PolicyContinental-European: The dual educational systemThe Anglo-Saxon system: High quality of education and labour marketflexibilityThe South European System: The family and ... temporary workThe new member states: Building a modern welfare systemDiscussion and summary remarksNotesReferencesYouth unemployment and the disadvantages of the young in the labour marketThe causes of high youth unemploymentSome features of youth unemployment and labour in EuropeConclusions and policy implicationsNotesReferences
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