Topics Covered in This Book
Chapters in this book cover a wide range of LD practices and topics. While some authors focus exclusively on LD in the business sector, others are discussing such topics as LD in higher education (see the chapter on Indonesia), the role of higher education institutions in LD for managers and executives (e.g., chapters on China, Ghana, Poland, Russia, and South Africa), the role of religious institutions (Ghana), and LD in the government and public sectors (China, Ghana, Malaysia, South Africa, and Vietnam).
Chapters from Brazil, Malaysia, Russia, Thailand, South Africa, and South Korea include case studies of LD in individual companies. These cases and examples can be used in discussions of indigenous LD practices in courses on international and cross-cultural HRD, HRM, and leadership and organization development.
Since research on leadership and LD has originated in the West and LD is a relatively new phenomenon in emerging market economies, readers may assume that LD is at a rather rudimentary stage in most of the countries covered in this book. We hope that chapters in this book will provide ample evidence to suggest that this perception is wrong. Many of the countries in our sample have seen emergence, over the past 20-25 years, of rather sophisticated systems of LD that cover a wide spectrum of approaches. In some cases LD systems of emerging economies are more diverse and differentiated that those found in the West. Unlike the developed economies where LD is mostly concentrated in business organizations, in many emerging economies leadership capacity building is an important national priority. In these countries there are numerous government-led LD initiatives. In addition, LD is provided by foreign development agencies, local subsidiaries of foreign MNCs, professional associations, and non-governmental and not-for-profit institutions.
Since there are 16 country-specific chapters in this book, it would be impractical to devote this introduction to a chapter-by-chapter overview of the contents. Instead, we will discuss a number of common themes identified by us. We grouped these themes under three topics: factors related to national and ethnic cultures and norms, legislative and political frameworks, and global influences.