Developing an integrated approach

Lack of clarity regarding institutional roles among the many government agencies involved in agriculture, fisheries and rural development led to duplication of activities. It also sometimes gave rise to inconsistent approaches across the full range of government programmes that have diminished the impact of Mexico’s significant public expenditures in the sector.

The idea of an integrated approach to agricultural and rural policies was developed in the 2001 Law on Sustainable Development. The commission in charge (CIDRS, Inter-Ministerial Commission on Sustainable Rural Development) has developed a combined budget from several ministries and government bodies, the Special Concurrent Programme (PEC). This programme has not worked within an integrated policy programming process. It operates more as an inventory of programmes rather than a tool to exploit synergies among programmes impacting on rural areas, and includes programmes and institutions not necessarily oriented to rural development. This produces a less-than-accurate picture of the federal rural policy strategy, and data on rural spending that do not fully correspond to the reality on the ground. In order to take full advantage of the PEC, efforts should be devoted to developing a fully integrated framework based on a joint national strategy with common goals and priorities on rural development. First steps in this direction would include improving transparency regarding the criteria for programme inclusion into the PEc and engaging in a dialogue that could result in the merging, transferring and elimination of certain programmes.

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