Discourse interpretation : approaches and applications

One: Approaches to Discourse InterpretationOne The Pretext of InterpretationTwo Linguistic Context, Pragmatic Context, Mental Context: Meaning Construction AND INTERPRETATION via ContextualizationBackgroundsLinguistic context and pragmatic contextConceptualizing situations and contextsBuilding mental spacesThe conceptualization thesis bearing relevance to pragmatic contextsContextualization and cognitive synergism: The interaction of ontology and epistemology in the interpretation of contextsContextual observations: Perceptual and conceptual knowledgeContextual observations: Complex mental contexts serving an integrative systemConclusions and research prospectsReferencesTwo: Interpretation of Meaning across DiscoursesThree The Strategic Structure of the English- Language Compliment Discourse: A Tentative Gender-Sensitive ModelIntroduction: Some theoretical prerequisitesThe gender peculiarities of discourseThe pragmatic structure of compliment discoursePointing out a meritInducing cooperation on the part of the recipientManipulating the recipientConclusionReferencesSourcesFour Implicit Meanings and Racism in Political Advertising Jan ChovanecIntroductionPolitical advertising and identity constructionData and methodologyTextual description of the dataMulti-modal analysis of the non-verbal elementsContextualization and implicitness in racist political advertisingBackground knowledge and contextualization of implicit meaningsDeniability of implicit meaningsConclusionReferencesFive Understanding and Believing: INTERPRETING PRAGMATIC MEANINGS IN Political DiscourseIntroductionPersuasion and coherenceData and methodologyRhetorical structure of opening addressesAnalysis of the pragmatic functions of personal pronouns and modal expressionsPersonal pronounsModalityConclusionsReferencesSix On Construction of High/Low Social Status in Crime Reports Renata JancarIkovAThe modern pressCrime newsSerious and popular press in BritainCrime news: Reports on verdictsVictims: Construction of high social statusKillers: Construction of low social statusVictim and killer contrastedThe perspective of the readers of serious vs. tabloid papersReferencesSeven Focusing as a Discourse Strategy of Information Presentation Andrei LevitskyIntroductionThe pragmatic factor in discourse facilitationPragmatic awareness in discoursePragmatic functions performed by language unitsShifts of pragmatic functions in discourseTransformations of pragmatic functions in English discourseMulti-functionality and syncretism of pragmatic functions in Present-day EnglishFocusing as a type of functional shift in discoursePragmatic effect of the focusing strategyFunctional re-orientation as a ground for the focusing strategyLinguistic creativity and the focusing strategyCultural specificity of focusing verbalisationFocusing by means of different groups of English word-stockNonce-wordsSlangDeictic markersConclusionsReferencesEight Cooperation and Politeness in Literary Discourse: A Pragmatic Stylistic Approach Gabriela MissikovAIntroductionThe interface between stylistics and pragmaticsPragmaticsPragmatic stylisticsApplying traditional (Gricean) pragmatic concepts and principles in literary discourse analysisCooperation in literary discourse: Dialogue and narrator’s discourse levelsPoliteness in literary discourse: Own way and satisfactory ‘face’Analysing literary text as discourseLeech’s conception of interpersonal rhetoricIrony and humour as means of cooperation and dissociationConclusionsReferencesSourceNine The Use of the Epicene Pronoun in Written English: Variation across Genres Alejandro PariniIntroductionEpicene pronouns in the grammar of EnglishData and methodFindingsDiscussionConclusionReferencesTen Enhancing Coherent Interpretation in Academic Written Discourse: Cross-Cultural Variation in the Use of Discourse MarkersIntroductionCoherence in written discourseCorpus material and methodologyEnhancing interpretation with DMsThe causal and contrastive DMs under investigationVariation in the use of causal DMs in RAsVariation in the use of contrastive DMs in RAsComparison between expert and novice academic writingConclusionsReferencesEleven Structural and Cognitive Stereotyping in Lifestyle Magazines for Women RenAta TomAskovAIntroductionThe concept of stereotypeThe concept of macrostructureMaterial analysedStereotypes on the level of microstructureStereotypes on the level of macrostructureConclusionsReferencesSourcesContributors
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