The 2009 Gas Crisis

The single most significant incident as regards the Energy Dialogue happened a few months after the Georgian war, in January 2009, when Gazprom shut off the gas to Ukraine for the second time. The January 2009 crisis was more profound than the 2006 one, both in duration and in implications.[1] Ukraine was pushing for NATO membership. It had voiced its support for Georgia during the August 2008 war, and Kiev had refused to renew Russia’s lease of the naval base in Sevastopol, Crimea, which was due to expire in 2017. Making matters worse, Gazprom demanded that Ukraine pay its considerable 1.67 billion dollar gas debt, plus 450 million dollars in levies. After much wrangling back and forth, negotiations broke down and the gas was shut off on 31 December.[2]

  • [1] Yafimava, The Transit Dimension of EU Energy Security, 1.
  • [2] Derek Fraser, “What Was Really in Tymoshenko’s 2009 Gas Agreement with Russia?,” Kyiv Post,12 October 2011; Simon Pirani, Jonathan P. Stern, and Katja Yafimava, The Russo-Ukrainian GasDispute of January 2009, a Comprehensive Assessment (Oxford: Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, 2009).
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