The Palgrave Handbook of Sociocultural Perspectives on Global Mental Health

Situating Global Mental Health: Sociocultural PerspectivesUnderstanding the Emergence of Global Mental HealthTerminology and Epistemic FramesGlobal Mental Health and Social DeterminantsStandardization and Evidence-Based MedicineThe 'Treatment Gap' and Community-Based InterventionsThe 'Global-Local' DistinctionCritical Reflection on Global Mental Health: The Contribution of The Palgrave Handbook of Sociocultural Perspectives on Global Mental HealthI: Mental Health Across the Globe— Conceptual Perspectives from Social Science and the HumanitiesII: Globalizing Mental Health—Challenges and New VisionsIII: Case Studies of Innovative Practice and PolicyConcluding CommentsReferencesI Mental Health Across the Globe: Conceptual Perspectives from Social Science and the HumanitiesOccupying Space: Mental Health Geography and Global DirectionsMental Health Geography'Spatial Epidemiologies' and the 'Psychiatric City'Provision and the Complex Spaces of CareTherapeutic LandscapesDiscussion: Future DirectionsConclusionsReferencesCross-Cultural Psychiatry and Validity in DSM-5Cultural Factors in DSM-5Khyal CapThree Models of Cultural Concepts of DistressA Two-Factor Pathogenic-Pathoplastic ModelTwo Single-Factor Models of Cultural Variation: Pathoplastic-Only and Pathogenic-OnlyThe Status of Khyal CapConclusionReferencesHistorical Reflections on Mental Health and Illness: India, Japan, and the WestPsychological Health, Illness, and the Self in Indian and Japanese CulturesLate Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries CE: State Power, Cultural Nationalism, and Diversity in Healing PracticesNew Systems and the Globalization of Asian NormsConclusionReferencesReflecting on the Medicalization of DistressChanging ModelsHistorical ConsciousnessPostdevelopmentalismBeyond PreservationismConclusionReferencesDiverse Approaches to Recovery from Severe Mental IllnessThe United StatesNew ZealandNigeriaConclusionReferencesPositive Mental Health and WellbeingA Brief History of Happiness and Wellbeing StudiesKey Concepts and MethodsSubjective WellbeingPsychological WellbeingCritiquesPsychosocial WellbeingPopular Mobilisation for Wellbeing: Buen Vivir in Latin AmericaConclusionReferencesGlobal Mental Health and Psychopharmacology in Precarious Ecologies: Anthropological Considerations for Engagement and EfficacyCultural and Political Ecologies of Persons, Families, and PsychotropicsThe Globalization of Psychopharmaceuticals"Scaling Up": Problems Spurious and GenuineMatters of Immediacy: Subjective Experience of Psychopharmacology in Precarious EcologiesAdvocating for Recovery: Development and Delivery of CareConclusionReferencesCommentary on 'Mental Health Across the Globe: Conceptual Perspectives from Social Science and the Humanities' SectionII Globalising Mental Health: Challenges and New Visions'Global Mental Health Spreads Like Bush Fire in the Global South': Efforts to Scale Up Mental Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income CountriesIs the Validity of Psychiatric Diagnosis Being Overemphasized?Is the 'Treatment Gap' in LMICs as Large as It Is Reported to Be?Are Alternative Forms of Support Being Neglected?Are Social Determinants of Mental Health Being Sufficiently Considered?Is the Evidence Base for GMH Sufficiently Broad?Has the Efficacy of 'Task-Shifting' been Sufficiently Demonstrated?ConclusionsReferencesCommunity Mental Health Competencies: A New Vision for Global Mental HealthBackgroundDefining 'Community'Addressing Community Mental Health: A Moving Target?Community Mental Health Competencies: A Flexible Framework for Community Mental HealthTraditional Healers in South Africa: Knowledge Without PowerBuilding Community Mental Health Competence in Western Uttar Pradesh: Successes and ChallengesKnowledgeSafe Social SpacesDeveloping PartnershipsChallengesDiscussionConclusionReferencesThree Challenges to a Life Course Approach in Global Mental Health: Epistemic Violence, Temporality and Forced MigrationIntroduction: GMH and the Life CourseCulture and Epistemic ViolenceTemporality and the Life CourseForced Migration, Mental Health and the Life CourseConclusionReferencesAddressing Mental Health-related Stigma in a Global ContextDefining StigmaWhy Are Mental Health Difficulties Associated with Stigma?The Role of Explanatory ModelsThe Association Between Biomedical Explanations of Mental Illness and StigmaDeveloping a More Nuanced Understanding of the Associations Between Explanatory Models and StigmaPrejudice and Mental Health ServicesStigma and Help-seeking BehaviourDiagnostic Overshadowing and Mental HealthAdherence to TreatmentThe Impact of Stigma on Families of Individuals with Mental Health DifficultiesThe Impact of Stigma on Marital StatusStigma in the Work EnvironmentMental Health Implications of StigmaThe Importance of Acceptance and CivilityEfforts Aimed at Reducing StigmaAnti-Stigma ProgrammesReducing Stigma in Low- and Middle-income CountriesConclusionsReferencesThe Effects of Societal Violence in War and Post-War ContextsSocietal Violence in War and Post-War ContextsThe Effects of Societal Violence on Mental HealthMental Health and Psychosocial ApproachesSocial Suffering and Local Expression of DistressSocial SufferingIdioms of DistressConcluding RemarksReferencesMedical Pluralism and Global Mental HealthStudying Medical PluralismTraditional Healing and Global Mental HealthKey Issues in Medical PluralismEpistemology, Explanation and ExperienceEffectivenessPower and PoliticsConclusionReferencesMental Health Law in a Global ContextHuman Rights Implementation: The Importance of National Legislation and PolicyHuman Rights and Mental HealthInternational and Regional Human Rights Law: The Emerging Prominence of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with DisabilitiesThe Reality of Human Rights Implementation and ComplianceChallenges to Effective National Implementation of Human Rights Standards for Persons with Mental Health IssuesNational Constitutional Arrangements and International Law ObligationsThe Rule of Law and Human RightsResponsibility for Implementation of RightsThe Nature of Rights ThemselvesIdeological Differences: Universalism versus RelativismSocietal AttitudesLack of Information, Awareness or KnowledgeResourcing IssuesConclusionReferencesSuicide in Low- and Middle-Income CountriesGlobal Mental Health Perspectives on SuicideBurdenThe Need for EquityTheoretical Models for SuicideResearch Approaches to Ascertaining and Investigating Death by SuicideSearch StrategySuicide Risk FactorsEthnographic Insights into Suicide in China and IndiaCritical Appraisal of the Strength of the EvidenceImplications for Suicide PreventionRecommendation for Future ResearchConclusionReferencesAnthropology and Global Mental Health: Depth, Breadth, and RelevanceLife Feeds on Hope: Family Mental Health, Culture, and Resilience in Afghanistan Interdisciplinary ResearchMental Health and Everyday ViolenceTrauma in ContextMental Health in Conflict ZonesHope and SufferingBeyond Superficial Views of ResiliencePolicy ImplicationsConclusionReferencesA Multidimensional Approach to Poverty: Implications for Global Mental HealthIntroductionApproaches to Understanding and Measuring PovertyThe Monetary or Welfare ApproachSocial ExclusionThe Participatory Approach (PA)The Capability Approach (CA)Study Design and SettingsResultsHigher Rate of Deprivation Among People with Mental DisordersHigher Multidimensional Poverty Among Persons with Mental DisordersConcluding RemarksReferencesBalancing the Local and the Global: Commentary on 'Globalizing Mental Health: Challenges and New Visions' SectionSummary of ChaptersCommon Themes and DifferencesCritical Questions and a Way ForwardConclusionReferencesIII Case Studies of Innovative Practice and PolicyBasicNeeds: Scaling Up Mental Health and DevelopmentResponding to the Global Mental Health ChallengeInitial EngagementCapacity BuildingCommunity Mental HealthLivelihoodsResearchQuality Assurance and Impact Assessment SystemEvaluation of the MHD modelKenyaNepalIndiaCollaborationKey Drivers and ChallengesScaling Up: Experience and StrategiesConclusionReferencesVoices from the Field: A Cambodian-led Approach to Mental HealthCambodiaCambodian HistoryCurrent SituationSpirituality, Religion, and Community StructureConcepts of Trauma: Culturally Tied ConceptsTrauma Through a Cambodian LensTPO Cambodia: Who is Defining What Needs to Heal: Involving the CommunityCommunity Context AssessmentTraining Community ResourcesSelf-help GroupsChallenges for TPOFunding/DonorsWorking with ForeignersWider ImplicationsReferencesSynthesising Global and Local Knowledge for the Development of Maternal Mental Health Care: Two Cases from South AfricaIntroductionMaternal Mental Health in South AfricaVoices of DissentThe Perinatal Mental Health Project (PMHP)Developing a Contextually Specific Maternal Mental Health Screening ToolProviding Care Through an Ongoing, Person-centred and Psychosocial ApproachCase ExampleIn-depth Engagement with Health Care WorkersCosts, Benefits and Potential Replicability/TransferabilityThe Philani Plus (+) Intervention ProgramDeveloping a Contextually Appropriate Cadre of 'Mentor Mothers'Ongoing Training and Support for the Mentor MothersProviding care through an ongoing, person-centred and pragmatic problem-solving approachCase Example: ‘Changing Lives for the Better’Costs, Benefits and Potential Replicability/TransferabilityConclusionReferencesTowards School-Based Interventions for Mental Health in NigeriaEpidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Problems in Nigeria PrevalenceSocio-Cultural and Political Context of Childhood in NigeriaSchool-Based Mental Health ProgrammesStrengths of School-Based Approach to Mental Health ProgrammesWeaknesses of School-Based Approach to Mental Health ProgrammesSchool-Based Mental Health Programmes in Nigeria: Issues, Opportunities and StrategiesIssue 1: Lack of Mental Health Components in School- Based Health Programmes in NigeriaIssue 2: De-Contextualised Needs Assessment as the Foundation of SBMHPs in NigeriaOpportunities and StrategiesContextualised School-Based Mental Health Policy from the OutsetEnrolling and Retaining Children in SchoolSchool-Based Promotive and Preventive Mental Health ProgrammesSchool-Based Restorative Mental Health ServicesSituating SBMHPs Within Existing Framework for SHPsConclusionReferencesA Family-Based Intervention for People with a Psychotic Disorder in NicaraguaThe Mental Health System in NicaraguaPsychosis in Matagalpa: 'It Is Better to Leave Him Alone'From Research to ActionThe Start-up of Cuenta ConmigoDevelopment of Cuenta ConmigoLocal Ownership Versus Foreign DependencyCuenta Conmigo TodayDiscussion and ConclusionReferencesThe Distress of Makutu: Some Cultural-Clinical Considerations of Maori WitchcraftMaori Mental Health ServicesMaori Models of Wellness and DistressWorking with Cultural-Clinical EntanglementsThe World of MakutuA Brief Sketch of Therapy with Witchcraft and ParanoiaConclusionReferencesEngaging Indigenous People in Mental Health Services in AustraliaThe Historical Context of Indigenous Australians' Mental Health and Well-BeingThe Current ContextMental Health and Indigenous AustraliansImplications for Engagement in Mental Health ServicesGood Practice Guidelines and ExamplesConclusionReferencesLanguage, Measurement, and Structural Violence: Global Mental Health Case Studies from Haiti and the Dominican RepublicLanguage and Idioms of DistressMeasurementAdapting depression and anxiety measuresDeveloping a local measure of idioms of distressDeveloping a hybrid toolStrengths and Limitations of Measurement ToolsStructural Violence and Mental IllnessMeeting the Challenge of Global Mental Health DisparitiesConclusionReferencesTaking the Psychiatrist to School: The Development of a Dream-A-World Cultural Therapy Program for Behaviorally Disturbed and Academically Underperforming Primary School Children in JamaicaThe Origin of Psychohistoriographic Cultural TherapyMental Illness in Jamaican ChildrenChild Mental Health System in JamaicaDream-A-World Cultural Therapy Pilot ProjectThe Dream-A-World Cultural Therapy Scale-up ProjectDream-A-World Cultural Resilience Transition to Scale in 35 SchoolsTransition to ScaleCultural Engagement—The Adult Arm of the Psychohistoriographic Cultural Therapy ProgramReferencesBrain Gain in Uganda: A Case Study of Peer Working as an Adjunct to Statutory Mental Health Care in a Low-Income CountryThe Rationale for Involving Peer Support Workers in Mental HealthMental Health and the Recovery AgendaThe Case for Peer SupportBringing the Project to LifeThe Leadership GroupPreliminary Evaluation of Brain GainReflections on the Strengths and Weaknesses of the ProjectRecovery and UgandaTraining and Development ProcessesChallenges and LimitationsRecommendations for Future Work and ConclusionsConclusionsReferencesCommit and act in Sierra LeoneSierra Leone: Current Issues and the Legacy of the Civil WarThe Functional Contextual Approach: Acceptance and Commitment TherapyThe Six Core Process of ACTApplying ACT in Sierra LeoneThe Development of commit and actThe First ACT Training WorkshopsExamining the Impact of commit and act: Dealing with Cross-cultural IssuesCultural ConsiderationsCase Example: Domestic ViolenceEmpowering Local People: Fighting Ebola in BoImplications for Global Mental Health Policy and PracticeReferencesGlobalisation of Pesticide Ingestion in Suicides: An Overview from a Deltaic Region of a Middle-Income Nation, IndiaI: Pesticide: Global ScenarioII: Pesticides and DSH: Experience from the Sundarbans Region, IndiaThe Sundarbans region and the PanchayatPanchayat and Pesticide related DSH/SuicideStudy of Panchayat members’ and farmers’ perceptions of pesticides and DSH/suicideDiscussionDowryDomestic Violence and DSH/SuicideLocal Cultural Context and DSH/SuicideJhukimaraErectile Dysfunction/ImpotencyInfertilityThe Birth of a Female ChildPrevention StrategyConclusionReferencesMapping Difficult Terrains: The Writing of Policy on Mental HealthEarly Twentieth Century: Pre-IndependenceFreedom and Efforts at Planning: Early Ideas on Mental Health Care and HygieneConsolidation: 1970-1990Walking Forward, While Looking Over One's ShoulderDifferent Strokes for Different FolksExamination of a Work in ProgressThe Modes of Policy PlanningAfterwordReferencesMental Health in Primary Health Care: The Karuna Trust ExperienceUse of Non-professionals for Mental Health CareMental Health Care in IndiaChallenges of Mental Health Care in IndiaIntegrating Mental Health into Primary Health CareGumballi PHC: A Case for Non-specialist-led Mental Health CareCase Study 1: PHC Workers Can Play a Major Role in Providing Mental Health CareCase Study 2: Huge Unmet Need for Mental Health Care in Rural IndiaLessons LearnedDiagnosisTreatmentFollow-upRehabilitation effortsCo-morbiditiesImpact in the communityOther impactsConclusionReferencesIswar Sankalpa: Experience with the Homeless Persons with Mental IllnessIndian PerspectiveGeneralMedical and Psychiatric ServicesIswar SankalpaScope and Nature of Our WorkCase Study I: ArifCase Study II: KanchanChallenges Faced and Lessons LearnedThe Body-Mind BinaryThe Responsibility DilemmaThe Meaning of a HomeEquityFuture Ways ForwardConclusionReferencesCommentary on 'Case Studies of Innovative Practice and Policy' SectionDiagnostic LabellingInsider and Outsider PerspectivesThe Sharing of KnowledgeFundingSocial Determinants and Structural ViolenceCultural Appropriateness and Contextual FactorsHealth PluralismScaling Up and Task-ShiftingReferences
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