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Home arrow Language & Literature arrow The Palgrave Handbook of Sociocultural Perspectives on Global Mental Health
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Higher Multidimensional Poverty Among Persons with Mental Disorders

Figures 19.4, 19.5 and 19.6 compare the adjusted headcount ratio (M0) for disability status in Afghanistan, India and Nepal respectively and for different cut-offs across dimensions (k = 1—13 in Afghanistan, k = 1—17 in India and k = 1—12 in Nepal). Very few people are deprived in the highest number of dimensions. Findings show that when the cut-off k increases, the breadth of poverty indicated by (M0) decreases. Intensity of poverty is particularly high on a small number of indicators and reduces when a larger number of indicators are considered.

Findings also show that all individuals are deprived on at least one dimension in Nepal, more than 95% of all individuals in Afghanistan and more than 90% in India. As indicated by Fig. 19.4, individuals with mental disorders are multidimensionally poorer on a higher number of dimensions in

Adjusted headcount ratio

Fig. 19.4 Adjusted headcount ratio (y-axis) for different cut-off k (x-axis) of poverty comparing Afghans with mental illness and associated disabilities to other forms of disabilities and to non-disabled people

Adjusted headcount ratio (y-axis) for different cut-off k (x-axis) of poverty comparing Indian with mental illness to a control group of non-mentally ill individuals

Fig. 19.5 Adjusted headcount ratio (y-axis) for different cut-off k (x-axis) of poverty comparing Indian with mental illness to a control group of non-mentally ill individuals

Afghanistan, whatever the cut-off (k) considered. In India and Nepal, it is only the case for (k = 1—6). Results show that people with mental disorders experienced a higher level and intensity of poverty in comparison to nondisabled people or even of people with another type of disability, regardless of the chosen cut-off in Afghanistan and for most of them in India and Nepal where the intensity of poverty becomes similar between the different groups for high levels of cut-offs.

Adjusted headcount ratio (y-axis) for different cut-off k (x-axis) of poverty comparing Nepalese women with mental disabilities to other forms of disabilities and to non-disabled women

Fig. 19.6 Adjusted headcount ratio (y-axis) for different cut-off k (x-axis) of poverty comparing Nepalese women with mental disabilities to other forms of disabilities and to non-disabled women

 
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